Updated at: 01-11-2022 - By: Sienna Lewis

Let us discuss the parts of a sewing machine and what they do by starting with the nine basic ones. In the next sections, we’ll discuss their functions and relevance.

To begin, let’s look at the nine most common parts of a sewing machine and what they accomplish. Then, we’ll go over their functions and significance.

Sewing Machine Parts Name List

It’s a long list, so take your time and relax with a cup of coffee. Please take your time while reading this. Take your time, relax, and get to know your sewing machine a little better.

It’s important to note that not all sewing machines come equipped with the components listed above. Some of these may be simple machines with fewer components and a lower price tag.

Sewing Machine Parts And Their Functions - YouTube

1. Spool Pin

Spools of thread are common. It’s the store-bought wooden thread holder. With the help of the spool pin, you’ll be able to thread your machine and maintain the thread flowing as you desire. The spool pin felt can be found here.

2. Bobbin Binder Spindle

It is a cylindrical shape that may or may not have flanges on it. When a thread is twisted around it, it stays in place. When winding a bobbin, the spindle is where it goes.

3. Bobbin Winder Stopper

Only a certain amount of thread can be wound onto the bobbin at one time. There are times when it won’t be able to hold the amount of thread you desire. Upon reaching its maximum capacity, this element prevents the bobbin from picking up thread.

4. Stitch Width Dial

Stitch options are available on many of today’s more advanced sewing machines. While you are busy sewing, you can use this portion to regulate the zig-zag stitch option.

5. Pattern Selector Dial

Using this small dial, you can select one of the various stitch patterns that are pre-installed on your sewing machine Your garments and other fabrics can be repaired or created with the simple turn of a dial.

6. Hand Wheel

The needle can be raised or lowered by using this control. The right-hand side of the machine is where it is most commonly found. There should be no problem turning the wheel at all.

7. Stitch Length Dial

This component may be included in sewing machines manufactured more recently. Its function is to regulate the stitch’s length. There is no better way to ensure that your sewing chores are completed on time than to keep a detailed log.

8. Reverse Stitch Lever

This lever allows you to sew in the other way. This feature makes sewing a little easier and faster because it allows you to go forward or backwards as necessary.

9. Power Switch

This switch has no effect on you because you already know what it does. The most important thing to remember is to turn off your sewing machine before leaving the room. In addition, it should be situated on the machine’s right side.

10. Bobbin Winder Thread Guide

On a sewing machine, you can engage this feature to help you wrap your thread up more quickly and avoid twists, tangles, and caught thread.

11. Thread Tension Dial

When stitching, it’s critical to maintain a constant tension. The thread can break if it is too slack, and if the tension is too high, you will have to re-thread the machine, which adds time to the process of sewing. This little component merely regulates the thread’s tension, so use it with caution.

12. Thread Take-Up Lever

When sewing, the top thread passes through this section. Do not be frightened if you notice that the lever is always going up and down with your needle.

Different Parts of Sewing Machine and Their Functions - Garments Merchandising

13. Needle Clamp Screw

It is impossible for needles to stay in position on their own. If they did, it would be good. Use this part so that your needle stays exactly where it should be. It also helps to keep your needle in place while you work.

14. Presser Foot

This section keeps your cloth in place while you sew, preventing it from slipping around. While stitching, it’s critical to keep an eye on your cloth and keep it under control.

15. Bobbin Cover

Keep your sewing machine parts protected to ensure they perform properly and last for many years. The bobbin cover performs this task. The bobbin is shielded from damage because of the way it is wrapped around it.

16. Bobbin Cover Release Button

When your bobbin is full of thread, or if something goes wrong, you’ll need to get to it. Using this release button, you may get full access to your bobbin by removing the cover.

17. Feed Dog

It’s a cute name, but it serves a very simple purpose. This is the portion of the sewing machine that passes your cloth through as you sew. While sewing, this allows you to focus on other tasks.

18. Needle

This is yet another label that informs you exactly what it is. There is no sewing machine without the needle, and without it, the rest of the machine is useless.

19. Needle Plate

In the vicinity of the needle and the presser foot, this part can be found. Its purpose is to assist you in sewing the fabric forward. Using the reverse setting on your sewing machine may help push the fabric back.

Parts of Hand Sewing Machine

The foot pedal or hand wheel is used to control the hand sewing machine model. Your sewing machine’s pedal, also known as the treadle, provides power when you move your feet.

It’s possible that the parts we’ve listed here aren’t included in all hand sewing machine models. There may possibly be some overlap in the above list. This is because sewing machines of all ages and makes use of the same essential components.

1. Hand Wheel

  • The needle moves up and down by pulling or pushing on this, which is operated by hand.

2. Foot Pedal or Treadle

  • You put your feet to work instead of your right hand. The only thing you have to do is press the pedal to get your sewing machine to perform properly. This choice offers the possibility of some beneficial physical activity.

3. Belts

  • Belts like this one are used to power machinery. Without them, your machine’s needle or other moving parts would be unable to move.

4. Bobbin

  • Same as above, except it accumulates your thread while you’re working on it.

5. Bobbin Case

  • This keeps your bobbin in place when you wind your thread, preventing it from being damaged.

6. Bobbin Winder

  • It prevents the bobbin from becoming clogged up with too much thread when you wind it.

7. Needle Plate

  • Performs exactly the same function on sewing machines as it does on hand-operated versions. As you sew, it aids in the advancement of the cloth.

8. Shuttle

  • To keep the thread from tangling and moving smoothly, this small part works with your bobbin.

9. Needles

  • Again, the sewing machine’s most critical component. Sharpening may or may not be possible. It’s all about how bent they get.

Overlock Sewing Machine Parts and Functions

As with the two machines stated above, this one will feature similar components. We’ll only include those that are unique to this computer or aren’t already covered in the lists above.

1. Lubricating Mechanisms

  • This is how you get oil and other lubricants to the working parts of your sewing machine.

2. Needle Guard

  • Does what it claims to do. It protects the needle in case something goes wrong and too much fabric or another object comes too close to it.

3. Loopers

  • Use this technique to cut your thread so it doesn’t catch on anything and cause you to lose your place.

4. Thread Guide and Takeup

  • This section acts as a guide for your thread, ensuring that it moves in the correct direction at all times. When the time comes, it can assist in picking up the thread.

5. Knives or Thread Cutter

  • When you’re done sewing a particular stitch or pattern, you can use this portion to clip the thread exactly where you want it. It’s the last thing you use after you’ve finished stitching.

6. Gaskets

  • Using them helps to keep the metal parts from causing excessive heat or friction.

7. Bushings & Bearings

  • Moving parts are kept in working order by these tiny components. Make sure to keep an eye on them just in case something goes wrong. After a while, they begin to degrade.

8. Springs

  • Another essential item to keep your overlock machine running at its peak capacity at all times.. In addition, they are prone to breaking if you aren’t careful.

9. Screws, Washers and Nuts

  • Hardware essential to the operation of your overlock machine. To address additional problems or to loosen or tighten them again, you may need to do this from time to time.

10. Needle Clamps

  • Everything up to this point has been covered. It keeps your needle in its proper place so that sewing won’t be hindered by the needle.

A Little History of The Sewing Machine

However, he is credited with the invention of the sewing machine. His machine could only stitch in a chain. Thomas Saint, an Englishman, devised the gadget around 1790. This sewing machine may have been built on previous inventors’ ideas and inventions when it was first invented.

Walter Hunt, a New Yorker, improved upon the sewing machine in 1832. Lock stitch and eye needle were added to his design. That’s how the sewing machine’s progressed through the years. The sewing machine was constantly being improved and made easier to use by people who came up with new ideas.

In 1845, Elias Howe used a needle with a bent eye and an under-thread shuttle to make a model. In addition, he was able to raise the sewing machine’s stitch count to 250 per minute.

When Isacc Singer invented the straight needle in 1846, he made it possible for the machine to stitch at a steady pace. That was the beginning of the history of sewing machines, and you should know the name of the company that made them: Singer. The rest, as they say, is history.

Sewing Machine Parts and Functions With Their Pictures

What part of sewing machine moves the fabric while sewing?

Feed the dog as you sew, and the fabric will move along. The feed dog can be raised and lowered using the control knob on the side of the feeder. The speed of the sewing machine can be set with the push of a foot pedal, just like in an automobile.