Updated at: 28-05-2022 - By: Sienna Lewis

Double blood donation may be a mystery to some of you. It is possible to donate two blood components in a “double donation.” It’s not uncommon for parts to behave in this manner. Donating whole blood is giving all of your blood’s constituent parts, such as white blood cells, red blood cells, platelets, and plasma, to the needy in the community.

Apheresis, a machine that performs multiple blood donations, is the method used. Using this machine, blood will be pumped out of your body and sorted to determine which components you will donate. Any remaining components will be returned to your body.

Becoming a double blood donation donor is a wonderful strategy for helping others in need; numerous ailments can be triggered by the absence of even one blood component, thus it is essential and useful to those in need of a double blood donation;

What Are The Affliction That Double Blood Donation Can mitigate?

The term “double blood donation” refers to the act of donating two units of a single blood component. In many cases, a specific blood component can be used to treat a variety of disorders. Double blood donation may also offer you a better understanding of the practice.

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#1. Double platelet donation

When you undergo surgery, you need platelets because they reduce swelling and speed up the healing process. Their antibacterial function helps the white blood cell fight infection in our bodies. It’s a condition that causes your platelet count to be abnormally low. It may be easy to clot a cut for someone with a normal platelet count, but those who suffer from this condition have trouble clotting in numerous locations on their bodies.

#2. Double red cell donation

You can help persons with anemia through an infusion of red blood cells. When you’re anemic, you don’t have enough healthy red blood cells to carry oxygen throughout your body. This kind of blood disorder is common severe or mild. Adding Iron to your healthy diet could also avoid the risk of getting anemic.

#3. Double white blood cell donation

Infusions of red blood cells can benefit those suffering from anemia. There are not enough healthy red blood cells to distribute oxygen throughout your body when you are anemic. If you suffer from a blood disease like this, you’re not alone. Getting enough iron in your diet can help keep you from becoming anemic.

#4. Double plasma donation

Plasma is a pale yellow liquid that forms once our blood is separated from the rest of it. They are capable of transporting nutrients all over our body, including the brain. Our organs will absorb substantially fewer nutrients if plasma is not there, which can have a big impact on how well we function. Hair loss, nausea, tiredness, and an increased tendency to bruise are all signs when your plasma levels are low. Extreme malnutrition and malabsorption of essential nutrients can cause damage to our key organs, which include the kidneys and the liver.

Who Can We Help By Donating Blood?

People who have blood disorders are given the blood of a blood donor, but if we take a closer look at the numbers, we can see that we are only helping a small portion of the population. Governments around the world are working tirelessly to ensure that their citizens have access to blood. To make sure that blood banks around the world are ready to help those in need, several strategies such as publicity campaigns, persuasive tactics, or mandatory blood donation procedures are employed. Accidents and surgical procedures necessitate the use of blood products in large quantities. Seasonal infections like dengue fever may necessitate the use of blood.

Things To Do When You Want To Donate Blood.

Everyone who wants to donate blood is put through a series of tests to check if they are up to the task. Certain people were questioned about their health and asked if they had an inheritable condition that could be transmitted by blood transfusion.

Tip #1. Don’t drink or smoke

Smoking and drinking excessively can cause a wide range of health problems. For at least 48 hours before to donating blood, you must abstain from drinking alcoholic beverages or smoking anything containing nicotine.

Tip #2. Fresh tattoos are not allowed

After the needle punctures our skin during tattooing, the ink can remain in our bloodstream. To become a donor, you must have had your tattoo for at least six months.

Tip #3. having a healthy lifestyle

An abnormality may occur if you don’t get enough sleep before donating. Donors should consider their diet and drinking habits before making a donation, as an unhealthy diet and drinking habits can endanger the recipient’s life.

Platelet, double red cell and plasma donations

It is possible to donate platelets, double red cells, and plasma in the form of apheresis, which is a process of collecting and separating blood components in which you are connected up to a machine that collects and returns unused components to you. You are not at danger of contracting a bloodborne infection while donating blood since your blood is contained in a single-use sterile tubing kit.

Because platelets and plasma are replaced more quickly by the body than red blood cells, donating by apheresis allows you to donate more frequently than by whole blood donation.

Donations made via apheresis typically take between one and one and a half and two hours.

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Platelet donation (plateletpheresis)

Platelets are the sole thing collected during plateletpheresis. The blood clotting properties of platelets make them a common treatment for cancer and major surgery.

There are several prerequisites for donating platelets, including completing all of the steps necessary to donate whole blood.

  • I have given entire blood at the Mayo Clinic or doubled the amount of plasma or platelets that I have donated elsewhere.
  • Aspirin-free for at least 48 hours.

Once every eight days, and up to 24 times in a year, you can give platelets.

Platelets that have been donated can only be preserved for five days before they are no longer usable.

Plasma donation (plasmapheresis)

Only the plasma, the blood’s liquid component, is removed during plasmapheresis. In emergency and trauma settings, plasma is frequently used to halt bleeding.

The same rules apply as for whole blood donations when donating plasma. A, B, AB, and O are the four primary blood groups. AB donors are unique plasma donors since their plasma can be donated to any of the other blood groups. AB donors AB plasma is in high demand because of this.

There is no limit to the number of times you can donate plasma.

Double red cell donation

In a double red cell donation, two red cells are taken from the same individual donor. Red blood cells distribute oxygen throughout the body. People with sickle cell anemia or who have experienced severe blood loss as a result of trauma or surgery frequently receive red blood cells. Because a red cell donation is usually used within a few days, there is an ongoing demand for this component of the transfusion.

For every 168 days, you can donate double red blood cells (24 weeks). Other sorts of blood donations are not permitted during this period. In roughly 90 days, your body repairs the red blood cells you’ve lost.

FAQs

What is double red blood cell donation?

Blood is drawn from the body using a machine during a double red cell donation. The red blood cells are kept, while the rest of the blood is returned to the donor as a donation. Double the number of red cells can be safely removed with this contribution. A double red blood cell donation, or DRBC for short, is what we call this type of donation.

What are red blood cells used for?

The oxygen and nutrients that red blood cells carry to tissues are exchanged for carbon dioxide and waste products by red blood cells. More than 70% of all transfusions require red blood cells. Red blood cell transfusions are necessary for patients who have lost or are at danger of losing considerable amounts of blood. Those who have been severely injured, have a perforated bleeding ulcer, or have undergone significant surgery are included in this group of patients

What are the requirements for donating DRBC?

A person’s height, weight, and hemoglobin level are critical in determining if they can donate blood. At least 5’5″ and at least 150 lbs. are required for females and nonbinary people; 5’1″ and at least 130 lbs. are required for males in general As part of the donation process, blood donors must be at least 13.3 g/dL.

Why are the requirements different for women, men and nonbinary donors?

Even if they weigh the same, men and women have different total blood volumes (TBV). A maximum of 15% of a patient’s total blood volume (TBV) should be drained at a time, according to accepted medical practice. Based on gender, height, weight, and hemoglobin, our apheresis machines calculate the TBV for each patient.

How long does donating take?

Takes 30 minutes or more to do the real DRBC draw.

Where can I donate?

All Campbell, Mountain View, and Menlo Park indoor mobile blood drives and all three DRBC fixed site locations accept DRBC contributions.

How often can I donate?

Donors between the ages of 16 and 18 are eligible for a DRBC once every 12 months (365 days). For donors who are 19 years old or older, the DRBC accepts donations every four months from those who are qualified.

How do I make an appointment to donate?

Call us at 650-723-7831 to set up a time to donate to the DRBC.

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Conclusion

Please spread the word about double blood donation after you’ve learned about it. Even if it’s just by donating blood, we need a world where everyone is open and supportive of one another.