Updated at: 01-06-2022 - By: Sienna Lewis

For plasma donation, do you know what kind of needle is used? It’s best if you can get a needle with a needle cover, but a safety needle is ideal. Blood donation needles should be discarded at the end of a process.

When donating blood, it is important to ensure that the proper equipment is in place. Blood must be collected in accordance with a specified process. Infections might occur if procedures are not followed correctly and monitored carefully.

The blood collection bag usually has a needle attached to it for blood donations. Patients in need and those with major health issues can rely on this bag of blood. If you’re on the brink of extinction, this bag is your only hope.

What Is A Gauge Needle?

Drawing blood requires the use of 16- or 17-gauge needles. They can’t hurt you since they’re too small to do any harm. Needle-free blood donation is crucial in order to prevent any acute pain from needles. To ensure one’s safety, it is critical to understand what type of needles should be used and how wide they should be. Donating blood serves various reasons, but it must be done according to established protocols. New and safe needles should be used for blood collection.

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The Importance Behind Blood Donation

Many factors contribute to the significance of blood donations. In today’s world, medical care is made possible by the kind donations of blood donors. Because the number of people in need and with critical illnesses is rising, the need for blood is on the rise. Self-care and rest are all that’s required before, during, and after a blood donation to ensure that it’s as safe as possible. Donating blood is essential in order to keep up with the rising demand for hospital services. As a bonus, it can save lives and replenish one’s blood supply.

Lists Of Gauge Needles Used For Plasma Donations

In blood donation, there are a variety of needles of varying gauges and diameters. Each hand is inserted according to the blood flow rate and vein type compatibility it has. To inject or remove fluid from the body, needles are utilized. There is a correlation between the quantity and size of needles. Whether a patient or a blood donor is a minor or an adult is a personal choice. Gauge needles are listed below for any pre-blood donation process. So, for plasma donation, what is the needle size?

#1. 16 gauge needle

Aspirating blood requires the use of a 16-gauge needle. For blood donations, this is usually the needle. A patient or a blood donor would not be harmed by it because it is not large enough in diameter to cause serious pain or harm.

#2. 18 gauge needle

Large amounts of blood necessitate the use of an 18-gauge needle. Blood donors must be able to supply more blood at a faster rate. Occasionally, these needles are used to collect blood.

#3. 21 gauge needle

For blood collection and venipuncture, a 21 gauge needle is the most commonly used. This particular gauge needle isn’t particularly large, but it’s small enough to ensure that a blood treatment is as painless as possible. It maintains a constant blood flow.

#4. 22 gauge needle

Needles with a gauge of 22 are sometimes used for blood collection. They are smaller in size and only smaller in veins to be encountered on adult and children patients. Somehow, blood operations make use of needles of this type.

#5. 23 gauge needle

When an individual’s vein is too small, a 23 gauge needle is used. Because of weight increase, muscle loss, and getting older, the veins appeared smaller. A vein doctor should be consulted as soon as this is discovered in order to assure the donor’s safety and the health of the blood they are donating.

Reasons For Securing A Gauge Needle To Be Used For Blood Donation

Blood procedures require the use of an appropriate gauge needle. It’s important to remember that a patient’s or donor’s health and safety are of paramount importance when it comes to donating blood or receiving it. To donate blood, you must have a needle in your hand at all times.

#1. Safety

A person’s and a patient’s safety must be protected at all times. The needles to be used by the blood donor must be appropriate and trustworthy. They make sure that the needle is new, accurate, and clean, ensuring the safety of the patient.

#2. Accuracy

Blood donation necessitates a high degree of accuracy. A procedure’s quality and demeanor are determined by the procedure’s standard and the needle that is employed. Precision in any procedure raises expectations and reduces errors.

#3. To follow a procedure

It’s a common practice in scientific research to keep a needle ready for use at all times. A blood donation necessitates a set of procedures. Using the correct needle for a certain blood procedure is essential.

#4. To prevent clotting

Preventing any ambiguities during a blood donation requires strictly adhering to all applicable protocols. To prevent blood clots and infections during blood transfusions, new and safe needles must be used.

#5. To provide significant cost savings

It is important to ensure the safety of the patient or blood donor by securing a gauge needle to be used. Individuals and institutions benefit from the time, effort, and cost reductions that come from using this method. Health is a form of wealth, and securing it further enhances it.

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Background information on venepuncture for blood donation

In order to prevent illnesses from being spread through tainted blood donations, blood banks employ a variety of methods. Recruitment of donors from populations with low risks of bloodborne disease infection, such as voluntary, unpaid donors and those with no history of intravenous drug use, is a crucial approach to prevent infection. Donors may also be subjected to additional screening questions (which may differ by location) in order to help identify people who are more likely to contract an illness. It is imperative that phlebotomists adhere to precise donor inclusion and exclusion guidelines. Before it is processed for various therapeutic purposes, donated blood is tested for illnesses prevalent to the area as a third precaution.

In order to collect donated blood, one must go through a similar procedure to that used for blood sampling, although in this case, additional precautions must be taken. Exogenous contamination of a donated blood unit or any of its derived components, such as contamination from the skin flora on the donor’s arm, is minimized by these steps in addition to ensuring patient safety. Pathogens can multiply in storage due to the volume of blood taken and the length of time it is kept. As long as blood is collected safely, it can be used therapeutically for the duration of its shelf life.

Before blood donation, donors’ arms should be sanitized with an effective antiseptic because skin flora is a typical source of contamination. Blood components infected with foreign bacteria or other substances might lead to deadly consequences during transfusional therapy. Despite the lack of conclusive research, a combination of 2 percent chlorhexidine gluconate and 70 percent isopropyl alcohol for 30 seconds, followed by 30 seconds drying time, is the preferred method of skin antisepsis for blood donation.

Only trained and qualified blood transfusion service staff should collect blood donations.

Minimum requirements for venepuncture for blood donation

Chapter 2’s recommendations for planning, location, and infection prevention and control measures, as well as Chapter 3’s recommendations for closed systems, should be followed. A blood donation collection system must also meet the following specifications.

  • Equipment:Blood donation equipment must be constantly calibrated, maintained and serviced as necessary. Blood pressure monitors, scales, donor couches or chairs, blood collection monitors or mixers, blood bag tube sealers, blood transport boxes and blood bank refrigerators are examples of this type of equipment. – Blood donation and processing facilities require furniture and equipment with easily cleaned surfaces (e.g. vinyl rather than fabric). Disinfectants, such as sodium hypochlorite bleach solutions, should be able to sanitize containers used to transport supplies and specimens. Carriers made of fabric or textile should be washed in a machine. – A sterile blood collection bag with anticoagulant and a connected tube and needle should be used in a closed collection system. Skin flora and skin core contamination can be minimized by using diversion pouches in blood collection containers. To ensure the safety of the sample, a single-use sterile lancet should be used to collect blood for haemoglobin testing.
  • Location:–Buildings should be large enough to accommodate efficient operations, with distinct spaces for clean and dirty activities, clean flowing water, and disinfectant-cleanable surfaces. –Carpeting should not be used on any of the floors in the house.
    Workers should not be exposed to respiratory diseases in waiting areas, which should be located outside of the collection area.
    There should be clear criteria of environmental safety for all permanent and mobile blood donation sites. –
    To protect the safety of blood donors, employees, and donated blood units, donation venues should be designed in a manner that minimizes the risk of blood donation errors.

Before a blood donation

Pre-donation procedures have been established by the World Health Organization (WHO) to ensure that blood transfusions are safe and effective. There should be no pressure, duress, or reward for blood donation. The national standards for donor selection should be followed when selecting potential blood donors.

Before making a blood donation, a person should complete the following:

  • Pre-donation information, advice, and counseling about the blood donation process should be provided to the intended donor;
  • Inquire about the donor’s medical history and any risky behavior they may have engaged in in the past.current and recent medications; –chronic infections; –history of prolonged bleeding or a previous diagnosis of bleeding disorders; –history of previous donations, to ensure that the waiting period is respected; –history of a mastectomy (blood should be taken from the arm opposite the site of surgery).
  • Preliminary physical examination of the donor should include weight, blood pressure, indications of infection or scarring at possible sites;
  • Donors should be supplied water to assist prevent fainting after donating blood;
  • The individual must offer written consent, in accordance with national regulations.

Practical guidance on venepuncture for blood donation

Collecting blood

You can apply the procedures in Chapter 2 (e.g., for hand hygiene and glove use) if they are appropriate to blood donation and follow the six steps below.

Step1. Identify donor and label blood collection bag and test tubes

  • Request the donor’s complete name.
  • Make certain:–the blood collection bag and all its satellite bags, sample tubes, and donor records have the right patient name and number; –the labels on the blood collection bag and all of its satellite bags, sample tubes, and donor records are correct.–

Step 2. Select the vein

  • The antecubital fossa is a good place to look for a large strong vein devoid of skin blemishes or scarring.
  • Using a tourniquet or cuff that is inflated to 40-60 mm Hg, draw attention to the vein.
  • Do a few repetitions of opening and closing the donor’s hand with them.
  • Before the skin location is prepped, release the pressure device or tourniquet that has been placed on the vein.

Step 3. Disinfect the skin

  • Wash and dry the area with single-use cloths if the venepuncture site is visibly contaminated.
  • To save time, follow this simple step-by-step guide.The disinfectant should be applied to the entire area, and the skin should be in contact with the disinfectant for at least 30 seconds. The area should be allowed to dry fully, or for a minimum of 30 seconds by the clock, after applying the disinfectant.
  • If chlorhexidine gluconate in 70 percent isopropyl alcohol is not readily available, follow the steps below, which take about two minutes to complete:A disinfectant of 70% isopropyl alcohol should be used for the first stage, followed by a drying period of around 30 seconds; –the skin should be in direct contact with the disinfectant for at least 30 seconds.
    If you are using chlorhexidine (2 percent), cover the entire area and ensure that the skin region is in touch with the disinfectant for at least 30 seconds; then, allow the area to dry fully (about 30 seconds).
  • Once the skin has been cleaned, never touch the venepuncture site.

Step 4. Perform the venepuncture

Use the needle to make a clean, smooth entry into the skin as stated in Section 2.2.3, step 6. Consider the following issues, which are specific to blood donation, while deciding whether or not to give blood.

  • A 16-gauge needle (see Table 3.1 in Chapter 3), which is typically attached to the blood collection bag, should be used in most cases. All needles should be cut off at the end of the procedure (as indicated in step 6 below) rather than recapped when using retractable or safety needles with a cover.
  • Slowly open and close a fist every 10–12 seconds while collection.
  • Upon establishing blood flow or after two minutes, remove the tourniquet.

Step 5. Monitor the donor and the donated unit

  • The donor and the injection site should be closely monitored throughout the donation process.An injection site haematoma may form if the needle moves too far into the vein, necessitating repositioning. Sweating, pallor, or complaints of dizziness may precede an actual fainting episode.
  • Mix the blood gently with the anticoagulant, either manually or by continuous mechanical mixing, every 30 seconds during the donation.

Step 6. Remove the needle and collect samples

  • Sterilized scissors can be used to remove the needle.
  • In order to do laboratory testing, blood samples must be collected and processed.

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After a blood donation

Donor care

As soon as you’ve collected your blood:

  • be patient and let him or her take a few deep breaths;
  • Apply a bandage to the venepuncture site if it is not bleeding. additional pressure should be applied if there is bleeding
  • sit up slowly and inquire about the donor’s well-being;
  • Check to see if the donor can get out of the donation room without dizziness or a dip in blood pressure before they leave.
  • Invite the donor over for a drink or two.

Blood unit and samples

  • In accordance with the blood center’s regulations and the product, place the blood unit in an appropriate storage container for long-term storage.
  • All blood samples taken and transmitted to a laboratory must be properly documented, kept, and transported in a leak-proof, sealed container.

Adverse events in blood donation

Keep an eye out for potential dangers and know what to do if they occur.

Does Donating Plasma Hurt

The truth is, of course, that it hurts. Your arm has been punctured by a huge needle. Whether or not it genuinely bothers you is a matter of how much and how much bothers you. Like giving blood, having blood drawn, or getting a flu shot, this procedure isn’t all that different from the other options.

Plasma donation isn’t for the faint of heart, but if you can get through that, you’ll be OK. Once the needle is in your arm, you won’t even be aware it’s there anymore.

The phlebotomist, who inserts the needle, is frequently the most important factor. If you’ve ever had injections, you’ve probably had some that didn’t hurt at all and others that were rather painful. It’s usually the person behind the needle, not the needle itself, that causes discomfort.

If you donate and have a terrible experience with the needle stick, the phlebotomist is most likely to blame, not the process itself. The second time around, if you don’t mind needles and shots, you may want to opt for someone more experienced.

The type of veins in your body should also be taken into account. A more painful procedure may be the consequence if your veins are tiny or difficult to see. More than one vein may be missed or the needle may not go all the way through (infiltration). A second needle prick may be necessary or the needle may be moved about until it hits a vein if the first one doesn’t.

A successful blood donation may not be possible even if they are able to make it work, due to problems with the blood flow or discomfort on your part. Donating blood is much easier when your veins are “plumped up,” which is why staying well hydrated is so important. To help you get ready for your first donation, check out this article.

The screening procedure, which involves a finger prick, is the other aspect of the plasma donation process that may be uncomfortable for some people. Donors believe it is more painful than the venipuncture, despite the fact that it is just a little prick (needle stick).

Keeping in mind that you won’t be in any pain or discomfort throughout the donation process is essential to remember Even though the needle insertion and finger prick are uncomfortable, they only last for a few seconds. Not too bad when you consider the financial rewards of plasma donation.

Donation-related adverse effects can cause discomfort as well as physical and emotional harm. Despite their rarity, they should nevertheless be considered. For more information on the possible side effects, take a look at this post.


If you wish to donate plasma in the future, knowing what gauge needle to use can help you be more informed and cautious. It could provide you with the knowledge and skills necessary to protect your health and well-being before and following a blood donation procedure.

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