Updated at: 25-05-2022 - By: Sienna Lewis

Before donating plasma, it’s important to know what to consume. If that is the case, we have the answer for you right here. Plus, this isn’t rocket science; you probably already have most of the ingredients on hand. As a result, we’ve written this post to include all the details you requested.

Plasma is the fluid that makes our blood appear to be liquid. Ninety percent of plasma is water. Salts and enzymes are also included. Viruses and bacteria can be combated with the help of antibodies contained in plasma. Finally, plasma contains proteins such as albumin and fibrinogen.

As a result, we’ll explain what plasma is and what components make it up. Second, we’ll talk about the several purposes plasma fulfills. In our third segment, we’ll talk about plasma donations, their importance, and more.

What Are The Functions Of Plasma?

First and foremost, it is in charge of maintaining a healthy blood pressure level. In addition, it aids in the delivery of essential nutrients, proteins, hormones, and minerals to your body’s cells on an as-needed basis. These hormones, for example, can be growth hormones that help bone and muscular growth. In addition, clotting factors can be used to stop the bleeding in the event of a wound. On the other hand, sodium and potassium, which are essential for cell activity, are transported by it.

What to Expect before you Donate Plasma | BPL Plasma

The plasma constitutes around 55% of the total blood volume. As a result, plasma is the blood component with the highest concentration. Oh, and plasma is not the same color as blood, despite the fact that blood seems red. It has a light yellow hue to it.


Donating blood is a simple and generally risk-free approach to help those who are in need. It is possible to suffer from weariness or anemia after donating blood. Before and after donating, it’s a good idea to eat and drink the proper items in order to minimize the danger of negative effects.

What to eat and drink before you donate blood, and what to do afterward, are covered in this section.

What to eat and drink

Before and after donating blood, it’s critical to stay hydrated. This is due to the fact that water makes up around half of your blood. Donating blood depletes your body of iron, so it’s a good idea to up your iron intake. Iron deficiency can lead to tiredness and exhaustion.


You need iron to manufacture hemoglobin, a vital component of red blood cells. The oxygen in your blood is carried by hemoglobin when it leaves your lungs.

It’s possible to store additional iron by eating a well-balanced diet that includes a lot of iron-rich foods. You can develop iron deficiency anemia if you don’t have enough iron stored to replace the iron you lose when donating blood.

Iron can be found in foods in two forms: heme and nonheme iron. Because heme iron is more readily absorbed, it has a greater impact on increasing your blood’s iron content. Up to 30% of your body’s heme iron is absorbed, while nonheme iron is only absorbed in the range of 2% to 10%.

Consider consuming more iron-rich meals before you donate blood. As a result, you may be less likely to suffer from iron deficiency anemia.

Heme iron-rich foods include:

  • Beef, lamb, ham, pork, veal, and dried beef are all examples of meats.
  • Chicken, turkey, and other types of poultry.
  • A variety of fish and shellfish such as mackerel, haddock, shrimp, and clams.
  • like as the liver
  • Eggs.

Nonheme iron-rich foods include:

  • Spinach, sweet potatoes, peas, broccoli, string beans, beet greens, dandelion greens, collards, kale, and chard are all examples of vegetables.
  • Whole-wheat bread, enhanced pasta, wheat, bran cereals, cornmeal, oats, rye bread, and enriched rice are just a few of the enriched breads and cereals available.
  • Strawberries, watermelon, figs and prunes are only some of the fruits that are included in this category.
  • Tofu, kidney, garbanzo, white, dry peas, and lentils are all types of beans.

Vitamin C

Vitamin C can help your body better absorb plant-based iron, or nonheme iron, even if heme iron raises your iron levels more effectively.

Vitamin C is abundant in a wide variety of fruits. Vitamin C-rich foods include the following:

  • cantaloupe
  • fruits and juices made from citrus
  • the kiwi fruit
  • mango
  • papaya
  • pineapple
  • strawberries
  • raspberries
  • blueberries
  • cranberries
  • watermelon
  • tomatoes


Most of the blood you donate is water, with the remaining half being made up of protein and platelets. This means that you’ll need to stay hydrated at all times. Dizziness might result from a reduction in blood pressure during the blood donation process. Before giving blood, the American Red Cross recommends consuming an additional 16 ounces, or two cups, of water. Other nonalcoholic beverages are also acceptable.

This is in addition to the recommended daily intake of 72 to 104 ounces (9 to 13 cups).

What to avoid

Blood sugar levels can be lowered by avoiding certain foods and beverages. Before donating blood, avoid the following situations as much as possible:


Dehydration can occur as a result of drinking alcohol. Before donating blood, refrain from drinking alcohol for at least 24 hours. If you do indulge in alcoholic beverages, be sure to counteract your intake with an increase in fluids.

Fatty foods

Blood tests can be tainted by high-fat foods like french fries or ice cream. Blood cannot be transfused if it cannot be screened for infectious illnesses. So, on the day of the gift, forego the doughnuts.

What to Eat the Morning of Donating Blood - Tips And Recommendation

Iron blockers

Your body’s ability to absorb iron can be affected by what you eat and drink. Consuming iron-rich foods or iron supplements at the same time as these items should be avoided. Included in this list of foods that inhibit iron absorption are:

  • tea and coffee
  • Milk, cheese, and yogurt are all high-calcium foods.
  • wine made from red grapes
  • chocolate


Your system must be aspirin-free 48 hours prior to donating blood platelets, a process distinct from donating whole blood.

Why Is Plasma Donation Made?

Plasma cannot be created in a laboratory or with high-tech equipment. That’s why those receiving therapy or trying to recover from an illness are totally dependent on plasma. They rely on the generosity of plasma donors to survive. Every day, numerous lives are saved because to these plasma donations.

Plasma Donations: How Many Types?

To begin, there is the option of donating your own plasma. Using plasmapheresis, plasma is obtained from a healthy and willing donor. During plasmapheresis, the whole blood supply of the donor is removed. Separation of the cells and plasma is the final step. The cells are subsequently returned to the circulation of the donor. Second, there is the plasma donation that has been recovered. In this scenario, plasma is collected from whole blood donations, hence it can’t be labeled a plasma donation. This means that the donor gives entire blood, which is then processed to obtain plasma.

Plasmapheresis: How Is It Done?

Plasmapheresis is a procedure in which blood is collected from a donor’s arm. A high-tech machine is used to separate the plasma from the blood and collect it. Red blood cells and platelets, together with a little amount of saline, are returned to the donor’s bloodstream.

What Are The Donations Used For?

In order to assist treat individuals with rare and chronic illnesses, plasma donations are used to build medicines. List some examples of these conditions and diseases:

  • Immunodeficiency as a primary symptom
  • Hemophilia
  • Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary

Aside from that, it is utilized in the treatment of shock, trauma and burns.

Donating Plasma: Is It Safe?

It’s true that donating plasma is a safe practice. However, there are a number of adverse effects to consider. There is no need to worry about this because these adverse effects are extremely uncommon. Learn more about the risks and benefits of plasma donation! The following details should help:

#1. Dehydration

Because you’re donating a part of your body that’s so water-rich, you’ll see this. As a result, your body may get dehydrated. But don’t worry, this isn’t a serious problem; simply increasing your water intake will take care of it.

#2. Fatigue

Donating plasma depletes the nutrients and salts in your body, which might lead to weariness.

#3. Dizziness

Electrolyte imbalance can be caused by the loss of plasma, which contains nutrients and salts. This causes dizziness in you. Don’t worry; even if you do experience any of these symptoms, they will be mild.

Best Foods to Eat After Plasma Donation - Canadian Plasma Resources

What Should You Eat Before A Plasma Donation?

We’ll get to the meat of your query now: what should I eat before donating plasma? On the day you’re scheduled to give plasma, make sure you’re drinking enough of water. During that day, consume six to eight ounces of water or juice. Try to eat a diet high in protein and iron, as well. Before giving plasma, it’s a good idea to eat protein-rich foods like eggs, shrimp, milk, almonds, and poultry. Apart from those already mentioned, you might want to consider consuming extra foods high in iron like broccoli, pineapple, watermelon or even some turkey and raisins. Stay away from high-fat, high-carbohydrate foods that can make your plasma milky, such as pizza, burgers, and fries.

What to eat and drink after donating blood

After donating blood, you’ll be given a food and a beverage. Your blood sugar and hydration levels will be maintained as a result of this. Drink 4 extra cups of water during the next 24 hours to restore your fluids, and stay away from alcoholic beverages during this time.

Are there any side effects of donating blood?

When donating blood, most people don’t feel any ill effects. Waiting in the refreshments area for 10 to 15 minutes after donating blood ensures that you’re in good health.

As soon as you’ve eaten and hydrated, you can resume your normal routine. The rest of the day should be free of heavy lifting and strenuous activity, according to the Red Cross.

Iron supplements may be necessary if you donate a lot of blood on a regular basis. After donating blood, your iron levels may not recover to normal for monthsTrusted Source. Taking iron supplements can drastically shorten this recuperation time, according to a 2015 study by Trusted Source.

What To Eat/Not Eat And Drink Before Donating Plasma:

Choosing to donate blood plasma is a selfless act of kindness. Please join me in working together to help us make sure your plasma donation will be as safe as possible for you as well as the receiver.

It’s critical to abstain from fatty foods and alcoholic beverages for at least 24 hours before to donation. Starvation is also not a good thing. Raw and prepared fruits and vegetables, free of fat, are ideal for weight loss.

Preparation is key: Drink plenty of water, tea with sugar, lemon, and fruit juices before taking this medicine. Breakfast consists of low-fat pastries with jam, fruit, and sweetened tea or juices on the day of collection.

What To Eat Before Donating Plasma:

  • COMBINED VEGETABLES AND FRUITS: compote, pickles, and raw
  • Rice, spaghetti, and potatoes are among the side dishes.
  • Chicken, turkey, and lean beef
  • PASTA: whole grain and light bread, buns, puffed rolls, and rice sandwiches
  • The sweets: jam, honey
  • The following beverages can be consumed: water, mineral water, fruit juice, and fruit tea.

Drink at least 3 liters of fluids the day before and at least 2 liters of fluids on the day of the donation.


What To NOT Eat Before Donating Plasma:

  • Bacon fried
  • Sausages
  • Salami
  • Dogs on a stick
  • fatty foods, such as creamy yogurts and ice creams,
  • potatoes cooked in oil and served with french fries
  • Chips made with potatoes
  • Dressings
  • Walnuts
  • Tuna
  • Salmon

What Will Happen With Donated Plasma?

All plasma gathered at the Blood Center is delivered to a processing company, which subsequently makes blood derivatives and delivers them back into our medical facilities.

Hemophilia, thrombophilia, difficult births, oncological illnesses, and bleeding traumas are only a few of the ailments it tackles.

7 Iron-Rich Foods to Eat Before You Donate Blood Plasma - Canadian Plasma Resources

It’s A Wrap!

To wrap things up, we hope you’ve learned what to eat before giving plasma. Before donating blood, make a list of foods to eat and foods to avoid eating.