Updated at: 28-05-2022 - By: Sienna Lewis

Do you know what it means to donate two sets of red blood cells? Donating only your red blood cells instead of your whole blood is what is meant by a “double red cell donation.” Only the red blood cell is removed from your body, and the other components of blood are returned.

Red blood cells, also known as erythrocytes or RBCs, provide vital nutrients including oxygen, water, vitamins, and minerals to our cells. The red blood cells, on the other hand, transport waste products like carbon dioxide back to the lungs from all throughout our body.

Whenever you give two units of red blood cells in one appointment, it’s called double red cell donation. While entire blood donation only helps one person, this method saves two people at the same time. The more you read about this subject, the more you’ll learn.

What is a Double Red Donation?

In a double red cell donation, the red cells are separated from the donor’s blood using a specific apparatus, allowing them to donate twice as many red blood cells in a single visit. The donor receives the plasma, platelets, and other blood components.

Blood Donation: Millennials Needed | Abbott Newsroom

It takes 30 to 40 minutes for a double red cell donation; the overall visit takes about an hour and fifteen minutes.

It is possible to donate twice as many red blood cells every 112 days from a single donor.

Double red cell donor requirements

Double red cell donors must meet the following criteria:

  • Anyone under the age of 17 is ineligible as a donor.
  • Patients wishing to donate blood must have an acceptable quantity of iron in their blood.
  • Donors are need to be a specific height and weight.
  • Donors who wish to donate twice in the color red must book an appointment in advance.

Because Type O blood is found in 45 percent of the population, Type O donors are best suited for double red cell donations. Because all patients can receive Type O negative blood, Type O Negative is in even greater demand.

What Sickness Can You Acquire That Relates To RBCs?

It is impossible to exaggerate the importance of red blood cells in our blood. A person’s life may be at danger if their RBCs are too low. Examine how sick we could become if our RBCs were depleted, and the significance of double red cell donation.

#1.  Anemia

Having a low RBC count is a symptom of anemia. In this case, the red blood cells are affected. One of the contributing factors is a deficiency in mineral iron in our blood. In the medical community, there are various varieties of anemia, the most common of which is iron deficiency anemia, which occurs when the body doesn’t have enough iron.

#2. Thalassemia

The term “thalassemia” refers to a group of blood disorders that run in families. The normal synthesis of hemoglobin may be impaired by genetic abnormalities, resulting in several illnesses. As a result, the body’s organs are rendered inoperable. A swollen spleen, bone deformities, and developmental delays in children are all possible side effects of having Thalassemia.

#3. Polycythemia vera

Strokes and heart attacks are well-known, but did you know that an overabundance of red blood cells is to blame? Having an excessive number of red blood cells is, in fact, harmful. In people with Polycythemia Vera, the bone marrow overproduces red blood cells.

How Does Double Red Cell Donation Work?

In other words, what does it mean to donate two sets of red blood cells at once? Double red cell donation is the same as whole blood donation. There is only one difference: with a double red cell donation, complete blood is drawn from the donor, but the red blood cells are isolated and maintained. While this is taking place, the donor’s plasma and platelets are returned.

As a donor, you must be physically and mentally fit to do so. At least 165 centimeters in height and 130 pounds in weight are the minimum requirements for donors. Before giving blood, the donor’s hemoglobin level is also checked. Red blood cell donations can be doubled every four months for people over the age of 19 years old.

What Are The Drawbacks In Donating?

There were no long-term side effects for those who underwent double red blood cell donation. It is common for donors to get saline solution or volume replacement to compensate for fluid losses when they contribute. After donating, some of them report feeling dizzy, nauseated, or uncomfortable in the location where the needle was inserted.

Do Blood Types Matter When Donating?

All blood types are needed in order to maintain a consistent supply of blood in the blood banks. Type O, A-negative, and B-negative blood types are the most regularly utilized and required. These can help us satisfy the increasing demand for blood in our hospitals.

Who can donate blood? Donation criteria and factors that affect them

You should know your blood type even if you don’t plan on giving. We never know when we’ll encounter someone in need of blood and be the only match, so even knowing these basic facts can be useful.

How To Increase Blood Cell Count?

Now that we’re aware of the importance of having enough red blood cells, it’s time to find out what we can eat to boost our red cell count. Polycythemia Vera sufferers, on the other hand, should avoid this method. We only need iron-rich meals such as red meat, dried fruits, green leafy vegetables, beans, egg yolks, and organ meats like livers to meet our iron requirements. It is possible to boost the creation of healthy red blood cells by taking supplements containing folate and Vitamin B-12.

Where Can I Donate Double Red Blood Cells?

Because we’re interested in double red cell donation, we’ll also find out where you may give your own cells. Our local blood banks are the most frequented places where people donate blood. About 30 minutes should be enough time for them to do a few tests. Donations of blood are also accepted by hospitals and clinics.

FAQs

What is double red blood cell donation?

Machines extract full blood during a double red cell donation. The red blood cells are kept and the rest of the blood is given back to the donor. Red cells are safely removed in this donation, which is twice the amount of regular whole blood donation. Double red blood cell donation, or DRBC for short, is the name we give to this procedure.

What are red blood cells used for?

In addition to delivering oxygen and nutrients to the cells, red blood cells also eliminate carbon dioxide and waste from the circulation. Red blood cells are required in the majority of transfusions (more than 70%). Transfusions of red blood cells are necessary for patients who have lost or are at risk of losing large amounts of blood. The patients in this group may have been severely injured, have a perforated bleeding ulcer, or be undergoing a significant surgical surgery at the moment.

What are the requirements for donating DRBC?

A person’s ability to make this form of donation is heavily influenced by factors such as height, weight, and hemoglobin. For the most part, women and nonbinary people need to be at least 5’5″ and weigh at least 150 pounds, while men need to be at least 5’1″ and weigh at least 130 pounds. Hemoglobin levels of 13.3 g/dL or higher are required for DRBC donors.

Why are the requirements different for women, men and nonbinary donors?

Because the total blood volume (TBV) of men and women is different, even if they weigh the same. Only 15 percent of a person’s TBV should be drawn at a time, according to conventional practice. Our apheresis machines use gender, height, weight, and hemoglobin to calculate TBV.

Can you donate blood if you smoke?

How long does donating take?

It takes roughly 30 minutes to perform the DRBC draw in its entirety.

Where can I donate?

All indoor mobile blood drives and the three fixed facilities in Campbell, Mountain View, and Menlo Park are open to DRBC donations.

How often can I donate?

Donors between the ages of 16 and 18 are eligible for a DRBC once every 12 months (365 days). All donors must be 19 years old or older to donate to the DRBC.

How do I make an appointment to donate?

Call us at 650-723-7831 to set up a time to donate to the DRBC.

It’s A Wrap!

Double red cell donation has now been explained to us. When you donate blood, you’re not only helping save lives, but also giving someone else a second chance at life. Because the world is in desperate need of a hero like you, others may be moved to donate. For more information on blood donation and why my donation was denied, check out the following articles:

Donations in the color of the year are doubled.

Donating twice as many red blood cells (DRBC)