Updated at: 15-06-2022 - By: Sienna Lewis

how much more load you can put on a certain electrical breaker is determined by refrigerator’s amp draw and its power consumption.

It doesn’t matter if it’s a home electrical installation, a commercial one, or a motorhome; it’s all the same.

Unsafe electrical equipment can be damaged or destroyed if a circuit is overloaded.

There’s also the risk of shorting out the circuit and causing difficulties like fires and electrical system damage, not to mention the destruction of electronic equipment.

A refrigerator draws how many amps? It is estimated that the majority of refrigerators will require between 15 and 20 amps of electricity, and 700 watts of power.

It is important to note that this number is affected by a variety of factors, including the refrigerator’s voltage and location as well as the unit’s age, usage, cubic foot capacity, and temperature setpoint.

How Many Amps Does Refrigerator Use?

Depending on the refrigerator’s capacity, its amperage can vary widely. Larger compressors are required in order for larger refrigerators to cool as much food as possible.

How Many Amps Does A Refrigerator Use? - Kitchen Infinity

Furthermore, the compressor is the most power-hungry component in the refrigerator. The light bulb in a refrigerator consumes electricity in addition to the compressor.

A standard 40W bulb is used, thus it doesn’t contribute to fluctuation.

Between 3 and 6 amps is the most common range for domestic refrigerators, although depending on their size and how power-hungry a compressor is, this can go up to a maximum of between 1 and 15 amps.

The amperage of a refrigerator can be easily calculated if you know the refrigerator’s wattage. To calculate the wattage, simply divide the voltage by the amperage.

At 120 volts, a 480-watt refrigerator, for example, uses 4 amps of power.

But figuring out your refrigerator’s wattage can be a bit of a challenge.

Here are a few instances of what I mean:

  • An 18-cubic-foot refrigerator will draw between 6 and 7 amps when it’s running.
  • One amp is all it takes to run a modest freezer.
  • Drink coolers draw between 6 and 12 amps.
  • A 20-amp circuit breaker is all it takes to power a tiny wine refrigerator.

Because of the nature of the refrigerator’s cycle, manufacturers rarely indicate this in their documentation, and always brag estimates of annual power usage that are misleading.

They commonly indicate the watts in terms of the startup wattage, which is determined by the locked rotor amperage of the compressor, which is substantially higher than the current the refrigerator will use constantly most of the time.

Refrigerator Full Load Amps – Amperage Draw Chart (Appliances)

Ratings of the most often used appliances in the house.

The following table shows how much power the most common gadgets use when they’re running, for your convenience:

Refrigerator Cycles

Simply put, a refrigerator works by removing heat from its interior. These devices are able to achieve this because of the unique liquids and gases they contain.

It is possible to modify the state of these liquids by varying their pressure even though they boil at extremely low temperatures, well below the freezing point.

The compressor is a component of a refrigerator that performs this function. Its primary purpose is to boost the coolant’s pressure and transform it into liquid.

Temperatures above boiling point cause the coolant to draw heat from the surroundings and transform into gas as the coolant passes through cooling components.

However, the coolant is not being cycled constantly. Compressors in refrigerators are cycled on and off. This is obvious to everyone who listens.

There are times when you’ll hear it quietly buzzing, and other times when it’s completely silent.

In order to cool down, the compressor must stop working and take a break from time to time, which is why this occurs.

It is possible for the cycle time to vary greatly even among models of the same manufacturer’s fridges.

Refrigerators of the past had cycles of 30 to 40 minutes on and 6 to 9 hours off.

Newer models, on the other hand, have on cycles that last anywhere from four to eight hours, with off cycles typically lasting no longer than 30 minutes.

You can’t accurately measure the refrigerator’s amperage unless you know exactly how and when it turns on.

Furthermore, these cycles are influenced by a variety of factors like how often and what’s placed in them, not just the fridge’s location.

The rationale for the two amperage ratings on fridge compressor placards, a rated current and an LRA or locked rotor amperage, is that this is a common occurrence.

Rated Current

The refrigerator’s compressor can only run as much as its rated current allows.

For the most part, this is the amount of current flowing during the on-cycle when the maximum load is being applied. When your fridge is cranked all the way up to its maximum setting, it will draw this amount of amperage; otherwise, it will draw less amperage.

If the refrigerator compressor is supplied with a voltage that is significantly lower than the rating for which it was designed, it will not operate above this number under normal circumstances.

The compressor’s electric motor components may fail as a result of this failure scenario.

Locked Rotor Amperage

There is some internal resistance when a compressor is first starting up because of the inertia of the coolant it must move, both electromagnetic and mechanical.

By boosting the amperage for a few seconds of the cycle, this can be avoided.

Launch, locked rotor amperage, and sometimes surge current are all terms used to describe this greater amperage.

Most fridges draw 2 to 3 times the rated amount of power, but some older models can draw up to 5 times the amount of power they were designed to draw.

So, as a general rule of thumb, consider it to be as much as six times its rated power.

What Type Of Circuit Breaker Do I Need For Refrigerator?

Circuit breakers should be 3 to 4 times larger than the refrigerator’s rated current when determining what sort of breakers to use.

To have some breathing room in case your electric installation’s voltage dips.

For most refrigerators, voltage variation is acceptable, so long as it is less than 10% below or above the nominal level, it will function properly

A 20-amp or 15-amp breaker is typically required for the vast majority of home refrigerators.

If you want to run many appliances off of the same circuit breaker, be sure to check the amperage of each one.

A refrigerator’s 15-amp consumption makes it difficult to run other appliances on the same circuit.

What Voltage Does A Fridge Use

The voltage rating of a refrigerator is dependent on its size, shape, and intended use.

This allows for 10% fluctuations in voltage, and some older refrigerators are really rated for the lower voltage of 115 volts.

There are no issues with this grade in the home.

Gas-electric absorption cooling systems are commonly used in RV and camper refrigerators.

However, the running lights and many controllers within require electricity. They often use 12 volts for that purpose.

Only a few are powered by 12 or 24 volts, and some even use the same freon systems as standard household refrigerators.

There are also a number of tiny capacity portable fridges that may be powered by the 12 volts connection in your car’s dashboard.

Because of this, you’ll discover these plugs not just in the center console of your car, but also in its trunk.

It can be difficult to figure out how many amps your fridge uses because of the varied practice of stating it by manufacturers.

Under full load, the lower amperage rating of your fridge will keep it running, but it also has a startup amperage that kicks off the cooling process.

In every case, the second rating is significantly greater than the first.

According to the brand and type of the appliance, a refrigerator’s cooling cycle draws between 3 and 6 amps.

How Many AMPs Does a Refrigerator Use? - Hero Kitchen

10 Ways to Improve the Energy Efficiency of Your Refrigerator (and Freezer)

Many homeowners are now looking for ways to save money and preserve energy without sacrificing any of the pleasures they’ve come to expect in their homes as the seasons change. Sadly, many people do not think about ways to increase the efficiency of their refrigerator or even their additional freezer. Every minute of every day, you’re wasting energy with these two essential items in your home.

In the first place, if your refrigerator is more than 15 years old, you may want to consider replacing it to get the most out of the energy savings. You may want to consider recycling your old refrigerator and purchasing a new Energy-Star certified appliance if you have an older model. You’ll save money in the long term by purchasing a new appliance, even if the initial cost is expensive.

Even though improving the efficiency of your refrigerator may seem daunting at first, there are a plethora of options available to you. The following is a list of ten things you can do to make your refrigerator or freezer more energy efficient.

1. Replace the Rubber Seal on the Door

Even though this essential plastic lining is necessary to the smooth and efficient operation of your appliance, it is often disregarded.

This seal, which is also known as a gasket, prevents warm air from leaking into your refrigerator. As the doors are repeatedly opened and closed, the gaskets wear out and lose some of their suction. The gasket on your refrigerator is likely to degrade or rip after only a few years of operation, despite the fact that it can last for decades.

To keep your food fresh, your unit will have to work harder, which will lead to increased energy costs and a shorter lifespan for the appliance.

2. Protect Your Fridge From High Heat Sources

When the compressor is near a source of heat, it goes into overdrive in order to keep your food at the ideal temperature. This not only increases the workload on your fridge, but it is also a waste of electricity and may even reduce its longevity.

Try to keep your refrigerator out of direct contact with any other high-heat emitting appliances in your kitchen when planning its layout. It’s also a good idea to keep it out of direct sunlight for as long as possible to avoid overheating.

3. Tidy up Your Condenser Coils

Remove the heat from your refrigerator with the condenser coils. When the huge coils on the rear or bottom of your refrigerator become dirty, they can no longer function as efficiently as they were intended to. If these coils are working twice as hard as they are supposed to, it will increase your appliance’s energy usage, which will eventually lead to difficulties down the road.

Invest in a cheap bristle brush to eliminate any debris that has built up over time, making it easier to clean your coils. As long as you don’t have to clean the coils too frequently, you’re good to go.

4. Cool Off Your Leftovers

Your next energy bill can be saved by even the tiniest details. Reducing the amount of heat your appliance absorbs is as simple as letting leftovers cool for a few hours after a meal. Before putting your food in the fridge, you should wrap it in plastic or Tupperware to prevent any leftover heat from seeping into the appliance. Just watch out for food spoilage if you leave it out to chill for an extended period of time.

5. Keep the Doors Closed

This is the most obvious and least expensive technique to minimize your refrigerator’s energy use, regardless of the model. You’ll pay more for electricity if you spend time in front of an open fridge.

It takes more energy to get your appliance back to its desired temperature as the cold air exits. Make a list before you open the refrigerator or freezer doors. if feasible. Prior to opening your fridge, make a decision on whether or not you want to open it daily, which will help you save a lot of electricity.

6. Take Advantage of In-Door Water & Ice

It is better to use the in-door feature rather than open the freezer door to get some fresh ice cubes or a bottle of water. This easy procedure can save you money and potentially extend the life of your appliance by making it more efficient.

A countertop ice maker is a good option if the ice dispenser in your refrigerator is not built in. You don’t have to open your freezer door to acquire the ice you need with this convenient device.

7. Organize & Remove Clutter From Your Refrigerator

Organize the inside of your refrigerator and freezer to bring out your inner neat-freak. Save energy by lowering the amount of time you have to keep the fridge door open searching for food that is easier to find inside the fridge.

The amount of bread, food boxes, and serving utensils on the top shelf of your refrigerator should also be reduced.

As a result, your compressor will have to work harder and cost you more money in the long run, if bulky objects are put on top of your appliance.

8. Check the Temperature Inside

To save money on your power bill, you may choose to slightly raise the temperature of your appliance. Refrigerator and freezer temperatures should be set between 36-38°F and 0-5°F, respectively, in order to maximize your unit’s efficiency for your household. The midpoint on your unit’s temperature dial usually works if your appliance doesn’t provide precise degree readings.

Changing your thermostat can take up to 24 hours to take full impact, so be patient when making the change. When your next bill arrives, you should see a decrease in your energy usage.

9. Initiate the Power-Saver Switch

While this function isn’t available on all refrigerators, many newer models have small heaters integrated into the walls to keep moisture from collecting on the outside. If you don’t have a lot of obvious condensation on your unit, you may quickly eliminate this feature by activating the energy-saver or power-saver option.

10. Reduce Your Frost Accumulation

Manual defrosting may be necessary for your refrigerator, depending on its model. The coils in your refrigerator might become clogged with debris, causing it to work harder than necessary. Refrigerators and freezers may struggle to retain their chilly temperatures if you don’t defrost them on a regular basis.

You might be wasting a lot of money and wasting a lot of energy if you have a lot of frost on your pipes. Your manual or partially automatic refrigerator needs to be defrosted more frequently if you don’t have air conditioning and live in a hot, humid area.

Follow these ten simple ways to improve the efficiency of your refrigerator, and you’ll save a lot on your monthly electric cost. Consider purchasing an Energy Star rated appliance if your current model is nearing the end of its life. In order to make even more of an impact on the environment, consider recycling your old refrigerator.

The 6 Best Energy-Efficient Refrigerators

When looking for new appliances for your home, don’t forget to factor in their energy consumption. Because they consume more energy and resources than they should, inefficient appliances raise your utility costs as well as the pollution they cause. Consumer demand and government mandates have resulted in advancements in refrigerator efficiency throughout the years.

It’s every six years or so that the DOE requirements for most products are updated to reflect changes in technology, according to Noah Horowitz, director of NRDC’s Center for Energy Efficiency Standards. Every year, the average American household saves $500 or more thanks to the DOE’s energy efficiency regulations.

We looked for ways to save electricity. Refrigerators that use the least amount of energy are listed here.

Best Overall: Whirlpool 21 cu. ft. Side by Side Refrigerator in Monochromatic Stainless Steel

Size: 21.4 cubic feet; Weight: 242.5 pounds; Warranty: 1 year; Annual Energy Use: 602 kWh/year; Dimensions: 32.75 x 66.63 x 33.63 inches.

There’s a lot to like about the Whirlpool Side by Side Refrigerator. Stainless steel colors include black, white, and monochromatic. There are four freezer baskets/bins and three freezer shelves, four refrigerator shelves, as well as movable gallon door bins to increase loading flexibility in the refrigerator’s freezer. Humidity control and a humidity-controlled crisper drawer are among the operational characteristics. This refrigerator also has an ice and water dispenser outside and an ice dispenser inside.

Additionally, this refrigerator boasts LED illumination on both sides and a nightlight on the water dispenser, making it an Energy Star-certified appliance.

Best Budget: LG LTCS20020S 20 cu. ft. Top Freezer Refrigerator

Size: 20.2 cubic feet | Weight: 202 pounds | Warranty: One year (parts and labor) | Annual Energy Use: 430 kilowatt-hours (kWh)

LG’s Top Freezer Refrigerator is a wonderful option if you’re on a budget and need a high-quality refrigerator. Since it operates at a whisper low enough to be considered Energy Star Most Efficient in 2020, it has earned this distinction. Stainless steel or smooth white are the two color/finish options for the refrigerator. Each shelf in this refrigerator has its own compartment for storing items that require high humidity, and there are two gallon-sized containers on the door of the fridge for storing smaller items. When purchasing, an ice maker is also an option that can be selected.

The linear compressor (parts) has a limited guarantee of six to ten years, while the sealed system and compressor (parts and labor) are covered by a five-year warranty.

Best Splurge: LG LTCS24223S 33-inch Top-Freezer Refrigerator

Size: 28.8 cubic feet | Weight: 284 pounds | Warranty: 1 year on parts and labor, 5 years on the sealed system and compressor | Annual Energy Use: 501 kWh / Year

Because of its many features, this LG refrigerator is a good investment for the money. Additional features include a buzzer that sounds if you leave the door open for too long and bright LED panels for effective lighting. The crisper is humidity-controlled and extremely quiet.

Removable glass shelves and hidden hinges are included in the design. In order to control the temperature and humidity, a digital sensor and a digital touchpad are used. Only a few different colors and finishes are offered, which is a drawback.

Best Large: Dacor DRF36C000SR 36″ Counter-Depth Free Standing Refrigerator

A total of 22.6 cubic feet of storage space is provided by the appliance’s dimensions of 35.75 x 70 x 30.87 inches, as well as its weight of 375 pounds. The appliance’s warranty is three years for components and two years for labor.

Dacor’s Freestanding Refrigerator is ideal for storing large items thanks to its slide and fold shelves and flexible storage divider. The French doors on this refrigerator allow you to store even larger goods. You may store everything from chilled beverages to deli goods in a full-width storage drawer. External ice and water dispensers are included, as well as an infuser-enabled 48-ounce pitcher water dispenser.

In addition to the seven door bins and three full-width shelves, the refrigerator also offers two adjustable shelves, one slide-and-fold shelf, and one flip-up shelf. In addition, there are three drawers: two for crispers and one for the freezer. The Dacor Freestanding Refrigerator has earned Energy Star status.

How Many AMPs Does a Refrigerator Use - Fork & Spoon Kitchen

Best Small: Frigidaire FFET1022UV 10.1 cu. ft. Top Freezer Refrigerator

In terms of capacity, this appliance measures 23.75 by 59.87 by 26.25 inches; it weighs 123.5 pounds; it has a 1-year limited warranty; and it consumes 296 kWh of electricity annually.

The Frigidaire Top Freezer Apartment-Size Refrigerator, available in white, black, or brushed steel, is ideal for apartments and smaller kitchens. Two full-width door bins that can handle larger objects as well as gallon jugs, as well as two crisper drawers, are available for storage. Tall goods can be accommodated by adjusting two glass shelves that move up and down. There are two bins and one shelf in the freezer.

You don’t have to worry as much about where to put the refrigerator in an apartment because of the reversible door swing possibilities. The LED lighting in this refrigerator is Energy Star-certified.

Best Smart: LG LMXS28596S 28 cu. ft. Smart wi-fi Enabled InstaView™ Door-in-Door® Refrigerator

Size: 28 cubic feet | Weight: 322 pounds | Warranty: 1 year (parts and labor) | Annual Energy Use: 760 kWh/year.

InstaView Door-in-Door with LG Smart Wi-Fi Refrigerator is a smart refrigerator that uses less electricity. It comes in stainless steel or black stainless steel and is scratch and fingerprint resistant for a more contemporary design. SmartThinq Technology allows you to control some of the functionalities of the refrigerator.

Your refrigerator and freezer temperatures may be set remotely using the SmartThinQ app, which alerts you when the water filter needs to be updated or when the door is open. Using Google Assistant or Amazon’s Alexa, you can also control the refrigerator with voice commands. Child locks are available. When you knock twice, the mirrored glass panel of the LG InstaView Door-in-Door becomes transparent so you can see what’s in your fridge.

You can reach another compartment before entering the refrigerator through a door hidden within the main door. This is a four-door refrigerator with two freezer drawers, each with its own door, and a total of two bins for the freezer. You’ll find a “Glide n’ Serve Drawer” for serving platters as well as four refrigerator shelves. In addition, an exterior water dispenser is included with this refrigerator. An Energy Star-qualified product is available.

What to Look for in an Energy-Efficient Refrigerator

Size and Type

Take into account what you’ll be keeping in your fridge before you buy a new one. Refrigerators with a capacity of 16 to 20 cubic feet are the most energy-efficient, according to Energystar.gov.

According to NRDC’s Noah Horowitz, side-by-side freezers use a lot more energy and are often more expensive to purchase than top- or bottom-mounted freezers.

Energy Use

The best method to tell if a refrigerator is energy-efficient is to search for the Energy Star seal. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Energy Star labeling program helps consumers choose the most energy-efficient products on the market. Energy Star-certified models consume 10% less energy than ones that satisfy the federal minimum efficiency requirement level set by DOE, according to Horowitz.

The Federal Trade Commission oversees the Energy Guide label, which you can also examine. An annual operational cost comparison is possible with this tool. The anticipated yearly kWh consumption for the refrigerator will also be displayed on this label.


What appliances need a dedicated circuit?

Electric ranges are among the appliances that require a separate circuit. A wall oven. Refrigerators. Large microwave ovens. Freezers. Dishwashers. Toxic waste disposals The toaster oven.

How long will a 100Ah battery run a 12V fridge?

For 13.3 hours a year, a 100Ah lead-acid deep-cycle battery can power a fridge consuming 630kWh. The 100Ah battery can power the fridge for 8.3 hours with a DoD of 80%, although the suggested DoD is 50%. At 95 percent drain, a 100Ah lithium iron phosphate battery can run the refrigerator for 15.8 hours.

How long will a 12 volt battery run a 12 volt cooler?

To put it another way, if you have a 20Ah battery in your cooler, you could run it for 4.44 hours at 4.5A. Full discharge, on the other hand, drastically shortens the battery’s useful life; most experts recommend just depleting the battery by around a third. Approximately an hour and twenty minutes of use would be provided by this.

How many refrigerators can be on a 20 amp circuit?

Another rule of thumb is that each receptacle should be limited to drawing 1.5 Amp, which will allow you to fit 10 receptacles into a 20-amp circuit.

How long will a 12 volt battery run a refrigerator?

A typical dometic or narcold RV refrigerator may run on a 12 V DC battery for six to eight hours, depending on the refrigerator’s size. Miniature boondocking refrigerators may survive up to 30 hours on less than 70-watt power.

Does a fridge need a 20 amp circuit?

A 20-amp, 120/125-volt circuit is needed to power a modern refrigerator. A dedicated 120/125-volt circuit for the refrigerator should be created during any major remodeling, even if you currently have a smaller refrigerator hooked into a general lighting circuit.

Do I need 20 amp outlets in kitchen?

A 20-amp circuit is required for kitchens, and wire gauge 12 is required. In the modern world, 12-gauge wire is wrapped in yellow sheaths, whereas your old cable may have been in white. There must be arc fault and ground fault circuit interruption (AFCI, GFCI) protection when installing new kitchen circuits.

Why is my fridge tripping the GFCI?

What is causing the GFCI to trip on the fridge? Electromagnetic interference can be caused by any inductive load that is turned off (EMI). GFCI devices can and frequently do malfunction as a result of this interference. It’s possible that any of the refrigerator’s inductive loads may be responsible for tripping the circuit.

What size inverter do you need to run a refrigerator?

However, this surge is only needed for a few milliseconds, so it’s not a big deal for a refrigerator’s motor. It will be necessary to use an inverter capable of handling long-term loads of 600 watts and short-term loads of 1,800 watts in order to power this refrigerator.

What type of breaker do I need for a refrigerator?

A 15 or 20 amp circuit breaker or time delay fuse protects a single 115 or 120 volt, correctly grounded branch circuit with a 3-prong grounding type outlet. A dedicated circuit is required. This is recommended in order to get the greatest results and avoid overtaxing the wiring in your home.

How many receptacles can be on a 20 amp circuit?

On a 20-amp circuit, the answer to the question of how many outlets is 10. Maintain an 80 percent circuit and breaker load, with a maximum load of 1.5 amps per receptacle, when using electrical equipment. If you want to avoid overheating or electrical risks, be sure that your circuit, wire sizes, as well as outlets are compatible.

Can I run a refrigerator on a 15 amp circuit?

Refrigerators typically draw between 3 and 6 amps, but at their peak, they can draw up to 15 amps. Refrigerators and freezers should be installed on a separate 120 volt circuit of 15-20 amps.

How Many Amps Does a Refrigerator Use - Appliance FAQs

Are new refrigerators more efficient?

Since then, says Horowitz, refrigerators have become more energy-efficient. The Department of Energy’s federal efficiency standards are to blame for this. As a result of these regulations, new refrigerators use 500 kWh on average annually, down from 1,000 kWh on an annual basis in 1990.

Do energy-efficient refrigerators qualify for tax credits?

Tax credits cannot be used to offset the cost of energy-efficient refrigerators. Consumer refunds are offered by some utilities and manufacturers, though.

Is a full refrigerator more energy efficient?

According to Horowitz, full refrigerators use less energy than empty refrigerators.

Why Trust Treehugger?

After consulting an energy specialist at the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC), a major environmental non-profit, we came up with this list of the best freezers for energy efficiency. After that, we looked at factors such as annual energy consumption, energy-saving features, and user and third-party feedback before making a final decision.