Updated at: 31-08-2022 - By: Sienna Lewis

How do we get the room temperature up to 80 degrees when using the pellet stove’s thermostat?

These days, many people opt for eco-friendly pellet burners to heat their homes. They are great because they are easy to use and won’t harm the environment.

What makes pellet stoves so practical is not the stoves themselves, but rather the way they function.

The fundamentals of how pellet stoves work are the same for all pellet-burning stoves, whether they are manually operated or automated.

We’ll break down the operation of a pellet stove into seven steps for you. Automated stoves require only the push of a button to get rolling; in this article, we’ll take a look at the inner workings of a pellet stove.

How a pellet stove works - YouTube

We’ll break down the operation of a pellet stove into seven steps for you. Automated stoves require only the push of a button to get rolling; in this article, we’ll take a look at the inner workings of a pellet stove.

To better understand how a pellet stove functions, we’ll dissect it into its seven constituent pieces. A push of a button is all it takes to start an automated stove, so let’s examine the pellet stove in greater detail.

Inner Parts Of Every Pellet Stove

The inner workings of the pellet stove shed light on how each part performs its primary job. Here are the particulars:

  1. The hopper has a pellet holder. Hopper types include both top and bottom models.
  2. Auger. The pellets are transferred from the hopper to the burner by means of a motorized screw mechanism. As was noted before, the thermostat controls the auger speed, which in turn controls the pellet flow rate into the burn pot.
  3. Put out some smokes (combustion chamber). Burning pellets at a controlled rate in a cast-iron combustion chamber. Exactly here is where the pellet stove’s whole heating output is produced (up to 120,000 BTU).
  4. An ashtray. Everything that gets turned to ash during cooking falls here, at the base of the pot. Because pellets produce so little ash, this chore doesn’t need to be performed as frequently as with other fuels (about once a week).
  5. The system also features heat exchangers and a convection blower fan. A fan forces cooler air from the room into the burn pot, where it is warmed. Hot air is then recirculated through the building using heat exchangers. For the purpose of transferring heat from a boiler or furnace to a residence, cast-iron or steel pipes are typically utilized.
  6. An exhaust fan with a blower. Gets rid of the gases produced by burning pellets and entering the combustion chamber. Most pellet stoves, including insert models, require a chimney or small hole in the wall for venting (in the case of free-standing pellet stoves).
  7. Thermostat. This gadget allows one to regulate the temperature in a specific space, such as a home or office. By feeding more pellets into the stove’s burner at a faster rate, the stove may produce more heat at a higher thermostat setting.

This is the full picture it paints of how the pellet stove operates. Let’s break down, step by step, the operation of a pellet stove:

Step 1: Feeding The Hopper With Pellets (Fuel Container)

The hopper model is the easiest to grasp. In this case, the pellets are stored in a metal receptacle. Pellets are often purchased in 40-pound bags and kept in a shed or garage (they need a 100 percent dry environment).

In order to use pellets to fuel the pellet burner, you must remove them from the bag, open the hopper, and pour the contents of the bag directly into the hopper. Depending on the size and density of the pellets, a hopper that holds 40 pounds can hold up to a bag that weighs 70 pounds.

One could compare a hopper to the fuel tank of a car. More pellets in the stove’s hopper means the appliance will last longer. Whenever the pellet hopper gets low, just add more pellets.

There are two main types of hoppers:

  1. It’s top notch, period. Although the top hopper is safer from ignition, placing it above the burn pot traps gases in the chamber.
  2. The lowest level of a food chain. A bottom hopper, which is situated below the burn pot, has a higher ignition probability but less of a chance of presenting a chamber where the gases would gather.

The lowest tier of the food chain. While a bottom hopper’s proximity to the burn pot makes it more probable that it will catch fire, its lack of an enclosed space makes it less likely that gases will accumulate there.

Step 2: Auger Feeds Pellets To The Burn Pot (Fuel Injector)

The lowest level of a food chain. A bottom hopper, which is situated below the burn pot, has a higher ignition probability but less of a chance of presenting a chamber where the gases would concentrate.

Currently, we are scraping the bottom of the barrel. Due to its position deeper in the burn pot than the top hopper, it is more prone to catching fire but less likely to have a chamber where the gases would congregate.

The pellets are delivered to the tray by an auger, and the turning of the auger may be heard in a top hopper. If you have a bottom hopper, the pellets will be sent to the tray through an auger.

This stove’s heating capacity is proportional to the rotational velocity of the auger feed.

If you wish to maintain a constant 75 degrees Fahrenheit in your home, the auger can supply about 1 pound of pellets every hour. Let’s say the auger starts releasing pellets at a rate of 5 pounds per hour until the internal temperature hits 80 degrees Fahrenheit, at which time it will slow down. With a rate of 1.2 pounds of pellets per hour, it will keep the fire going for quite some time.

Step 3: Burn Pot Ignites And Burns Pellets (Combustion Chamber)

The burn pot is a critical part of any pellet stove. These pellets are made from discarded wood and compressed sawdust and are burned. The burning of pellets within a pellet stove is the source of the stove’s heat.

The pellets are fed into the cast-iron burn pot in the combustion chamber by a motorized tray. As we saw in the last section, the auger loads the tray, which carries the pellets to the burn pot.

For any kind of combustion to occur, two things are needed:

  1. Fuel. Pellet stoves burn pellets as its primary fuel source (heavily compressed wood).
  2. Oxygen. About 20% of the air in your house is oxygen. To begin with, the air for combustion in Step 4 must be supplied, and this is done with the help of a blower fan.

In other words, the ignition is the most crucial part. Pushing a button on the thermostat generates an electrical spark that ignites the pellets in the burn pot. Today’s pellet stoves all include this convenience.

Compressed wood pellets are made from wood shavings. As they burn, they produce a great deal of heat. The figure below compares the energy produced by different fuels:

  • The caloric content of roughly 2 pounds of wood is 2500 kcal.
  • About 4,500 kcal per ton, or about 2 pounds, of pellets.
  • It is estimated that 2 pounds of fuel oil provides roughly 9500 kcal.

As can be seen in the comparison table provided above, pellets produce roughly twice than much energy per pound as wood.

Step 4: Ash Tray Gathers Ash (Emission Levels)

Any remaining pellet material can be used as a fuel source. Therefore, some ash will still be produced during pellet combustion.

A standard feature of each pellet stove is an ash tray situated below the burn pot. One of their main advantages is that they emit little ash.

If you have a pellet burner with a removable ash tray, you may go a week before emptying it. Once or twice a week is about average throughout the heating season for emptying the ash tray.

Step 5: Convection Blower Fan Moves Indoor Air Over Heater Exchanger To Heat It Up

Up until this point, we have been using the combustion of pellets to create power. The next stage is to bring that energy inside our house. This is where a convection blower fan would prove useful.

Air from the surrounding environment (often between 60 and 72 degrees Fahrenheit) is sucked in by a convection blower and used for combustion. After being heated to well above 140 degrees Fahrenheit, this air is then blown over the burning kettle.

It seems we’ve located the source of the hot air we need, but it’s not quite clean enough. A heat exchanger is a device that uses a blower to bring clean air from outside and warm it up before recirculating it within.

In this respect, the pellet stove really shines:

  1. The pellet stove is designed to accept air at temperatures between 60 and 72 degrees Fahrenheit.
  2. The pellet burner provides air at temperatures between 90 and 110 degrees Fahrenheit for the vast majority of the year.

Step 6: Exhaust Blower Fan Expels Unclean Air Outdoors

Toxic gases and other pollutants were found in the air that was sucked into the pellet stove and then passed over the burn pot. They are the product of the combustion of pellets.

Our dwellings have previously been heated by the now-contaminated air thanks to heat exchangers. To sum up, this air has served its purpose. Remove it immediately.

The majority of pellet stoves today are connected to an exhaust pipe located behind the appliance. That piping is the target of the exhaust blower’s slushy fan.

The exhaust gases from pellet burners can be vented directly outside the building without the need for a chimney. It follows that a vertical chimney is required for optimal pellet combustion.

Step 7: Thermostat (Remote Controller For Your Pellet Stove)

We don’t have to have a deep understanding of how a pellet stove functions in order to use it effectively. All of these can be adjusted to your liking with just a thermostat.

Modern pellet stoves have thermostats that allow you to control the airflow and auger speed.

Conversely, most thermostats are missing at least one critical feature. So, that’s how hot it gets inside.

Changing the temperature is the only additional maintenance required.

Don’t leave out the inescapable:

  1. The hopper should be refilled whenever it is entirely empty (step 1).
  2. Remove the ashes from the device and dispose of them when the ash tray is full (Step 4).

Please use the comment box below to ask any questions you may have about using a pellet stove.

Why You Should Use a Pellet Stove

A lot of people are thinking about getting pellet stoves this winter because they are efficient, require no upkeep, and produce a lot of heat. However, those who have invested in pellet stoves tend to be very pleased with their purchases.


In place of firewood, a pellet stove burns compressed hardwood pellets that are about 1/4 inch in diameter and 3/4 inches in length. Pellets are sometimes offered in 40-pound bags and are made from sawdust and other wood scraps that would otherwise be burned or left to rot in the forest. Pellets are deemed carbon-neutral since their combustion releases the same amount of carbon dioxide as when wood decays naturally on the forest floor.

Get your hardwood pellets from a Pellet Fuels Institute member for the best quality and most efficient stove performance. The average family uses between 2 and 3 tons of wood pellets throughout the winter heating season. Fifty of those 40-pound bags of pellets will cost you between $200 and $300, which is a ton.

Pellet Stoves

The operation of a pellet stove is as follows: Pellets are loaded into the machine via the top-mounted storage hopper. The hopper’s pellet supply is brought into the burn chamber through an electric auger. Sensors in the stove monitor the amount of fuel available and alert the auger when a new load of pellets needs to be dropped. Adding a few pellets at a time will keep a tiny fire going strong. There are rarely more than a handful of pellets in the chamber at once.

A pellet stove’s fresh-air vent allows outside air to enter the appliance, while the exhaust vent made of stainless steel removes combustion byproducts. In addition, the stove has a convection fan that draws in outside air, heats it, and then blows it back out into the room. The stove will start producing heat automatically after the thermostat has been set. Simply maintain a full pellet hopper.

Like wood-burning stoves, pellet stoves come in two varieties: freestanding and fireplace insert. Although pellet stoves are typically installed as a supplementary heat source, it doesn’t mean they can’t generate a substantial amount of heat.

Pellet stoves that are considered “medium” in size can produce heat at a rate of 40,000 to 50,000 Btus per hour. A home with a floor size of more than 2,000 square feet would be comfortably heated by this output. If you only need to heat a small area, that’s OK. You may find pellet stoves ranging in price from around $1000 up to $5000.

Pellet stoves are much more hygienic than wood stoves since they burn hot and clean. The ash pan needs to be emptied once a week even if the pellet stove is used daily. Creosote accumulation, the leading cause of chimney fires, is greatly reduced or eliminated when using pellets.

What to Keep in Mind

There are certain considerations to make before purchasing a pellet stove. To begin with, they have a substantial amount of mass. An average-sized unit, measuring roughly 25 by 27 inches, weighs close to 400 pounds. If you want to install it by yourself, you’ll need a lot of help.

The stove can only be used correctly if set up on a tile or stone floor that can withstand high temperatures. Hardwood, vinyl, carpet, and other combustible flooring types necessitate the use of a certified hearth pad beneath the range.

A pedestal is available as an accessory for many stoves, raising the height of the unit by around 7 inches.

Venting requirements change depending on how close the stove is to open windows or doors. Smoke and pollutants will be sucked back into the home if the stove is not properly vented. When looking for a pellet stove, it’s helpful to have measurements and pictures of the room’s openings on hand. A knowledgeable retailer can help you design a ventilation system that works for you.

For about $150, you can upgrade your pellet stove with a wireless remote thermostat in addition to the hard-wired thermostat that comes standard.

Put a ceiling fan in the area with the pellet stove. In order to release the built-up heat in the attic, you can switch the fan to its reverse direction.

Pellet Stoves: A Buyer’s Guide

We’ve included everything you need to know about pellet stoves in one one place, from their functions and prices to recommendations on which model is ideal for you.

In colder climates, heating costs can account for as much as one-third of an annual power bill, so homeowners are always looking for ways to save costs. Solutions such as freestanding pellet stoves and fireplace inserts that fit into an existing fireplace are gaining popularity. They look like traditional wood-burning stoves but operate more like sophisticated heating systems.

Pellet Stoves: Are They Worth It?

The stove’s hopper may be filled with sawdust pellets, the thermostat set, and you can sit back and enjoy the warmth. By burning the pellets at a high temperature in a burn pot, the creosote and other pollutants are removed, resulting in healthier air quality indoors and out.

On top of all that, the EPA has certified that these modern wood stoves are up to twice as efficient as older ones at heating your home (EPA).

A pellet stove may provide the same level of heating as a furnace while also providing a roaring fire for family night.

A pellet stove can be used in conjunction with or as a replacement for your existing heating system, depending on the size and layout of your home. This means that pellet stoves can be found in a wide variety of designs to complement any aesthetic preference.

If you have any questions about buying, installing, or utilizing one of these heaters, just ask the professionals at This Old House.

How Much Do Pellet Stoves and Inserts Cost?

Costs for pellet stoves and inserts can range from $1,000 to $5,000, with additional costs for venting and lining a chimney reaching $300 or more.

DIY or hire a pro?

If you are not sure in your abilities to drill holes in your house for venting, you should have professionals do the installation. Inserts for chimneys can have their pipes routed in a variety of directions, including horizontally through the roof. Expect to pay between $250 and $1,000 for a task of average difficulty.

How much cleanup?

Since the amount of ash produced by a Pellet stove is far smaller than that of a conventional wood-burning stove or fireplace, cleaning is required much less frequently while using one. If the ashtray is used frequently, it needs to be emptied and cleaned once a week.

Are there government incentives to buy them?

Pellets are exempt from sales tax in New York, however property tax rebates are not available in all states. Those interested can learn more by contacting the energy department in their respective states.

How Do Pellet Stoves Work?

With the automatic feeding of pellets from a hopper to a burning pot, a constant flame can be maintained with little to no human intervention.

  • Air is heated by a fire and then piped into the room using heat exchangers.
  • For use in combustion, pellets are stored in a hopper.
  • Convection fans are used to circulate air via heat-exchange tubes and into the room.
  • Pellets can be used by placing them in the flammable container.
  • As the hopper fills up, the pellets are transferred via auger to the burn pot, where they are burned.
  • Unburned pellets fall into an ash pan where they remain until they are disposed of.
  • The grille provides an intake for convection fans.
  • An intake vent allows air to enter the cooking vessel.
  • An exhaust vent is used to release the gases.
  • A fan draws in fresh air from the outside and forces out stale air.

Pellet Stoves vs. Wood Stoves

The most noticeable difference between a pellet stove and its main competitor, a wood stove, is the pellet stove’s high-tech circuit board, thermostat, and fans, all of which work together to efficiently heat your home. Other key distinctions are listed below.


  • Up to 80% of the fuel you put into a pellet stove really becomes usable heat for your home.
  • 38% of the total is wood (high end is for EPA-certified stoves made after 1990).


  • If you use high-quality pellets, you only need to clean the ash pan once per week or two. The burn pot only requires regular scraping to keep it free of unburned pellets and other combustion byproducts. Be sure to clean and examine all vents before the heating season begins.
  • Every three days, you should sweep the wood to remove the ash. It’s important to clean the chimney and check the stove and door gasket before the heating season begins.

Venting options

  • The use of pellets and a horizontal or vertical vent pipe to the outside greatly reduces smoke output.
  • In this passive system, a vertical chimney is needed so that smoke can rise and escape.

Fuel availability

  • Packages of pellets weigh 40 pounds and can be found in home improvement stores, hardware stores, and even some grocery stores in chilly climates. Pellets can be ordered by the ton from distributors.
  • Harvested natural hardwood can be utilized, but it must be of a certain age before it can be considered safe. It is available in bundles or by the spool from various retail outlets and arborists.

Fuel storage

  • The pellets should be stored inside, away from any sources of moisture.
  • Keeping wood away from the house and out of the open air is the best approach to prevent termite damage.

Pellet Stoves;13 Major Pros and Cons | Environment Buddy

What Is a Pellet?

The chunk of wood is the size of a vitamin pill and is made mostly of sawdust. Pellets have a moisture percentage of 5-10%, while seasoned firewood has a moisture content of 20%. Pellets made from switchgrass or cornstalks can be found in some stores. Instead of pellets, you can use maize kernels.

What Size Stove to Buy

Expert Advice: Listening to a stove in action is just as important as seeing it in the showroom. If the fans or auger motor noise is too much for you, look into other models.

In most cases, an area 200 square feet in size may be heated using 5,000 Btus of fire power. The climate, insulation, and design of your home all play a role. Get a dealer’s opinion on which model might work best in your home.

The rooms closest to your stove will benefit the most from its heat. If you use your stove in addition to your primary heating system, you can benefit from the furnace’s fan to distribute the heat more evenly around the home. A ceiling fan with counter-clockwise-rotating blades is ideal for distributing warm air throughout a room.

Cost Comparison

For a home of 2,000 square feet in a cold climate, a new pellet stove and professional installation can run about $3,000. The stove will not be cost-effective if you use a lot of fuel for heating at the moment.

  • Oil costs $1,857 per winter, $877 more than pellets. You’ll make a profit after about four years.
  • The annual cost is $2,306, which is $1,326 higher than pellets. You can anticipate a profit by the end of the third year.
  • Switching from wood to pellets for supplemental heating might reduce heating costs over time, especially if you use a fireplace or older wood stove. The annual cost of natural gas is $623.

Where to Put a Pellet Stove

A freestanding pellet stove, like this Harman XXV model, is a great choice for rooms with restricted square footage. Standard placements are 1–3 inches away from the back wall and 6–7 inches away from the side walls.

Acceptable Risk Clearances

Because of the high temperatures they generate, pellet stoves should be placed at least 36 inches away from soft furnishings in houses with young children.


The exhaust pipe, which might go up the chimney or out the roof, must be properly sealed to prevent flue gases from entering the home. A second intake pipe is used to bring in fresh air from the outside.

Put otherwise, it’s a means of generating electrical current.

It is necessary to have an electrical outlet close by in order to power the stove’s fans, thermostat, and circuit board. Having simply a stove for heat? You might wish to invest in a battery backup system (for around $300).

Grounding safety

A pellet stove should only be used on a fireproof surface like tile or stone. There needs to be at least a six-inch space between the door and the floor.

Fireplace Pellet Stove Insert

The typical fireplace is aesthetically pleasing, but it provides very little heat. When you kindle a fire in your fireplace, a lot of warm air and combustion byproducts will rise and depart your home via the chimney.

The Harman P35i pellet stove insert, pictured on the left, is one option for converting an existing fireplace into a functional heating system. The dimensions of your fireplace can be addressed by a unit and metal surround purchased from a retailer. A metal liner should be installed in your chimney by professionals only, as this is crucial for air flow. It is possible that this work will require approval from a local inspector before the stove can be used.

Pellet Stove Styles

Stoves, either as standalone pieces or as inserts for preexisting fireplaces, are a welcome addition to homes of many styles, from the classical to the ultramodern. Here are a few of our top picks.

Lopi Leyden

This stove, while moderate in size overall, is distinguished by a firebox that is surprisingly spacious given its retro look. The ash pan has drawer slides for effortless removal and cleaning.

This type has a BTU output of 45,000 and retails for about $3,700 at lopistoves.com.

Harman Accentra

The 40,000 Btu stove has a large enough hopper and ash pan to accommodate 50 pounds of pellets before they need to be emptied.

If you’re interested, you can get this stove from harmanstoves.com for roughly $3,600 in either black or brown gloss.

Enviro Empress

Despite its relatively short length in the fireplace (just 9 inches), the cast-iron insert has a 55-pound hopper capacity and a classic arched surround.

This 34,000 BTU unit can be purchased for around $2,800 at enviro.com.

HearthStone Manchester

With its large glass door, automatic cleaning cycles, and 60-pound hopper capacity, this stove is a breeze to keep in working order.

At hearthstonestoves.com, the gloss brown stove costs $4,600 while the gloss black stove costs $4,300.

Thelin Gnome

The design of this 34-inch space heater is reminiscent of a traditional potbellied wood stove. This unit’s 27,000-Btu output and small size make it ideal for use in spaces with limited floor space.

At Linco.com, the Linco 2 starts at $2,490 for the matte black, gloss black, or gloss cream finish;

Lennox Bella

Both the combustion fan and the auger motor on this stove operate at a very low decibel level, and their operation may be monitored on an LCD display.

This 43,000 Btu model may be purchased from lennoxhearthproducts.com for about $4,300. It comes in either gloss black or brown.

How to Identify Pellet Quality

In the Pellet Fuels Institute, pellets are separated into two categories: premium, which are made entirely of wood, and standard, which also include bark. Premium pellets, which come in 40-pound bags and cost roughly $5.50 each, produce less ash but are more expensive.

The percentage of particles (dust) in the bag shouldn’t exceed 0.5 percent, or around half a cup. Further accumulation of dust might lead to clinkers, which are solidified ash lumps that block the stove’s air intake. It is recommended that pellets have a salt content of less than 300 ppm for optimal combustion (ppm).

Pellet Stove Accessories

There are a few beautiful changes you may make to your pellet stove’s design and operation, even if you don’t require tools to take care of it.

Log set

The pellet burner may be made to look like it’s burning wood by surrounding it with ceramic logs. Numerous other stove producers offer similar ready-to-go wood bundles, not just Lopi.

Prices on lopistoves.com start at $85


Moisten the air with the help of a steamer pot. These cast iron lattice-style burners are finished with a vibrant red enamel for a pop of color on your stove.

You can get a little one at Plowhearth.com for around $40 and a large one for around $60.


These traditional coal scuttles include a spout and two handles, making them more convenient to use than a plastic bag placed next to the stove.

Galvanized steel from WoodlandDirect.com costs $40 per ton, while copper plate costs $35.

Prefab Pad

You may find prefabricated pads in a wide choice of fabrics and designs to suit your own unique sense of style. This Western flagstone with a running bond is a fan favorite.

Prices on Diamondhearths.com begin at $346.

Remote Control

With a transmitter that monitors both the stove and the room, a stove’s heat output can be adjusted without leaving the sofa. Except for Napoleon, most other manufacturers provide a setup like this one.

The going rate for this item on NapoleonFireplaces.com is about $140.

11 Things To Clean On A Pellet Stove

Pellet stoves are one of the most efficient residential solid-fuel heating appliances on the market because to their many technological and mechanical features.

However, the increased efficiency of pellet stoves necessitates more rigorous cleaning routines than are customary with automated heating systems.

This heating automation could be less convenient because regular cleaning of pellet stoves is required to keep them running at peak efficiency.

The following are examples of pellet stove upkeep:

  • Combustion chamber
  • Take a puff of the cannabis!
  • Ashes Disposal
  • a hole cut for ventilation
  • Ignition
  • Glass was used for the entrance.
  • Hopper
  • Auger
  • Dumping basin
  • Chimney Flue
  • Unseen discs (s)

In the parts that follow, we demonstrate using our own pellet stove how to clean it in greater detail.

What To Clean On A Pellet Stove

1) Combustion Chamber

The combustion chamber is the part of a pellet stove where the fire really burns.

Therefore, the most crucial part of a pellet stove to maintain cleanliness in is the combustion chamber.

In the next sections, we’ll break down the combustion chamber of a pellet stove into its component parts.

The combustion chamber of our pellet stove may be accessed through a glass door located in the frontal center of the stove.

The combustion chamber is typically equipped with a burn pot, ash tray, and baffle (s).

Large amounts of dust in the combustion chamber’s crevices necessitate frequent cleaning in a pellet stove.

The maker of our pellet stove claims that

  • Clean the combustion chamber and any contact edges with a vacuum.
  • Thoroughly vacuum the combustion chamber and any other areas where combustion could occur.

2) Burn Pot

The term “burn pot” is used to describe the area of a pellet stove where the fire really burns and the pellets and air are introduced.

The burn pot is the most difficult and important part of a pellet stove to clean because it can become blocked with unburned pellets.

Our pellet stove, like many others, requires the burn pot to be cleaned before each use.

To facilitate cleaning, most burn pots are removable. All we have to do to clean it is remove it from the burner between uses (when the stove is still cold).

Cleaning out a burn pot with holes ensures maximum airflow to the next fire.

The manufacturer of our pellet stove recommends that the burn pot be cleaned once a day.

  • Get rid of the combustion area and scrape away the calcification to clean up the crannies.
  • Victoria-05

3) Ash Tray

Placed underneath the burn pot, this is where ash from the pellet stove’s fire may be safely collected.

Ash from a pellet burner is easily removed from the ash pan and disposed of in the appropriate manner.

Customer Reviews for ComfortBilt HP22 Pellet Stove 2800 sq ft EPA Certified in Black

Pellet stoves, like other wood-burning fireplaces and stoves, produce some ash when they’re used.

Each day, we must remove the ashes from the ash tray of our pellet stove, as instructed in the owner’s manual.

  • “Clean out the ash can and open the fireplace door,” the proprietor instructs.
  • Victoria-05

4) Fresh Air Inlet

Since pellet stoves use real fire to generate heat, they require a steady flow of fresh air.

A pellet stove’s combustion chamber is often vented to the room at the back of the stove, though it can also be vented to the outdoors (for more details, see our article on pellet stove venting requirements).

To access the air inlet on our pellet stove for cleaning, you’ll need to take out the burn pot from below it.

Before lighting a fire, make sure the hole on the left side of the picture is clear of ash and other debris.

5) Ignition

The pellet stove’s ignition system is used to light each fire.

Like our pellet stove type, the ignition is often located near the air inlet and below the burn pot.

The manual for our pellet stove recommends that we maintain weekly cleanings of the ignite.

As a result, whenever we clean the stove, we give special attention to the fresh air intake as well as the ignition hole.

Ignition systems are best serviced by a professional once a year or at the change of each season for a more thorough cleaning, however it may be necessary to disassemble parts of the system to do so.

A qualified technician can follow the instructions in the stove’s manual to perform seasonal maintenance:

  • In order to clean the ignition system, all debris must first be removed.
  • Victoria-05

6) Glass Door

The pellet stove’s viewing window is located in front of the stove’s combustion chamber.

It’s crucial to clean the glass as needed or at intervals recommended by the manufacturer to prevent the glass from darkening or discoloring over time.

The manual for our pellet stove recommends making daily glass washing a part of your regular cleaning routine.

  • Clean the glass with a cool glass. Please use the appropriate detergent if you need to.
  • Victoria-05

7) Hopper

Pellets in a pellet stove are held in a hopper until they are ready to be fed to the combustion chamber through the auger.

As a result, the hopper is where the pellets are placed from the bag, and users frequently dump the bag of pellets into the hopper right after opening the bag.

Our pellet stove’s hopper is easily accessible by removing the back panel.

The pellet dust from the bag might accumulate and cause issues such as auger clogging if the hopper isn’t monitored.

If you have a pellet stove, it is important that you always endeavor to restrict the amount of pellet dust entering the hopper from the bottom of the bag of pellets.

The hopper on our pellet stove needs to be cleaned every so often, as per the manual.

  • If the pellet stove hasn’t been used in a while, it’s a good idea to clean it out with a vacuum and remove any old fuel from the hopper.
  • Victoria-05

8) Auger

The auger of a pellet stove is housed within the hopper and is responsible for delivering pellets to the combustion chamber.

As opposed to trying to reach the auger, which might be awkward, dust can be cleaned from the bottom of the auger by wiping out the hopper.

By contrast, most pellet stoves let you manually feed the auger screw, so you may clean it without creating a fire.

For instance, if we press and hold the screw icon on our pellet stove’s display, the auger screw will turn until we remove the button.

This is a time-saving method for clearing pellets from the auger without resorting to hand cleaning.

For a more thorough cleaning, have your pellet stove serviced.

9) Pellet Chute

The pellets in the hopper are fed into the burner via an auger.

An opening for this chute can be seen on top of the stove’s combustion chamber, which is where our pellets go to be burned.

However, pellets can get trapped in this part of a stove and require periodic cleaning.

10) Chimney Flue

Like other wood-burning appliances, pellet stoves can cause creosote to build up in the stove’s chimney flue and other components over time.

In order to prevent creosote buildup, a pellet stove’s flue should be swept once a year and maybe checked for creosote at regular service intervals.

An annual sweep of the pellet stove flue is recommended, and creosote buildup can be checked during this time.

11) Baffle Plate(s)

Baffle plates, typically located near the top of a pellet stove’s combustion chamber, slow the rate at which stale air is evacuated.

We have two plates and a stovetop of our own, and we always make sure they are clean before use.


How does a pellet stove operate?

As its temperature rises, warm air rises because it is less dense and lighter than cooler air, which falls. The convection fan in a pellet fireplace circulates cool air from the room over the fire, increasing the efficiency of the heater.

How does a pellet stove start?

The pellet stove’s ignitor functions similarly to the electric stove’s heating element or the car’s cigarette lighter. Simply pressing the appropriate button on the pellet stove will activate the ignitor. In the end, the ignitor coil’s heat will light the highly combustible wood pellets.

How do freestanding pellet stoves work?

A pellet stove’s fresh-air vent allows outside air to enter the appliance, while the exhaust vent made of stainless steel removes combustion byproducts. In addition, the stove has a convection fan that draws in outside air, heats it, and then blows it back out into the room.

What does the damper do on a pellet stove?

The pellet stove has a damper that regulates airflow to the fire.

What is the heat exchanger on a pellet stove?

The hot air from the stove is transferred to the ventilation system and then to the room blower via a heat exchanger. The heat exchanger acts as a heat source, much like a furnace. Stove exterior is protected from excessive heat by its location inside the combustion chamber.

Do pellet stoves need a chimney?

In contrast to wood stoves, pellet stoves can be vented through an exterior wall rather than a chimney. Reduced overall cost and more options for how and where to install are two benefits of this setup. The installation of a pellet stove does not require any special skills or tools.

How long does it take for pellet stove to ignite?

In most current pellet stoves, the igniting time is somewhere between 50 and 120 seconds thanks to the use of ceramic igniters (first sustainable flame).

It’s A Wrap!

If you don’t care about the ins and outs of how a pellet stove works, you can still benefit from having one. Understanding the six main parts of a pellet stove can give you a better picture of the stove’s capabilities. Do you have any further questions concerning home appliances? Learn the ins and outs of using a portable air conditioner or repairing a mini-fridge. Welcome, it is wonderful to see you today! Enjoy yourself while you’re writing.