Updated at: 08-09-2022 - By: Sienna Lewis

The floor of your chicken coop can be made from a wide variety of materials. If you have a movable chicken coop and you’ve set it up on the grass, it’s very simple to move it to your garden. Chicken grass that remains in one place after a rainstorm is likely to cause chaos and dirty the hens. Picking a good disguise for these ladies requires some planning ahead of time. Another thing to think about is how many chickens you have and what kind they are.

The option for keeping hygienic

Instead of using the bark to make wood chips, the whiter section of the tree should be sawn off. Bark-based wood chips are likely to make the area less clean due to their muddy look. Putting down a layer of white wood chippings on the floor of the chicken run is an excellent technique to prevent messes. The chickens find it comfortable to roost in because it is airy, tidy, and free of grime.

The Best Stuff to Put in Your Chicken Run Area | Carolina Coops

Wood chippings are used to create the play chips. Since the play chips aren’t easily crushed into the dirt, the hens’ feet stay clean. Wood shavings can also be easily removed from the area.

Because wood chips are made of natural materials that decay over time, they need to be reapplied to the floor once or twice a year.

The floor of the chicken coop might be made of coarse sand. The chicken poop in these sand dunes may be easily cleaned up using a “cat litter scoop.” If rain washes the sand away, you’ll have to do everything to get it ready again.

Small, smooth stones are known as “pea gravel.” Chicken poop can be easily removed with a light spray of water. Pea gravel should be placed directly on top of the sand, as the weed membrane can significantly affect drainage. The breeders’ chickens reportedly do not like to walk on pea gravel because the birds’ feet find it disturbing.

Straw or wood shavings are the ideal materials for chicken bedding, but some chicken keepers choose to use them as the primary flooring in the chicken run. The result is a damp, muddled floor. This makes it both unsanitary and difficult to maintain cleanliness.

Mobile chicken coops can have grass or other grass-like vegetation as flooring. This flooring is commonly referred to as Chicken ARKS. They are capable of finding their own food, such as insects and worms, by foraging in the grass. Chickens that dine on worms and insects produce eggs that are packed with nutrients.

These eggs are an excellent source of vitamin E, omega-3 fatty acids, and other vital elements. However, grass floors also come with their share of problems. Due to the chickens’ constant scratching, the ground is constantly contaminated with mud and other waste. Scratched areas can be repaired by shifting the soil and planting fast-growing crops like buckwheat or flax. After the grass has started to grow, the floor can be moved back to its original position.

Concrete flooring lasts a long time and requires little upkeep.

Make sure the floor is properly balanced so the chicken doesn’t have to deal with any undulations in the surface, regardless of the material you use. Even if it never rains and gets muddy. However, your chicks could perish from the harsh winter weather. During this time, it is important to make sure the chickens are comfortable, so lay a mat or straw down on the floor.

Benefits of own chicken coop

The global spread of the newly identified coronavirus is a golden chance for your firm to make long-term investments in its future. The increasing popularity of chicken and other poultry products is something to think about if you’re debating whether or not to build a coop. As a result of the worldwide lockdown caused by the epidemic, supply networks have been significantly disrupted. Building your own chicken coop can help you provide for your community while also bringing in a sizable income. The fresh eggs produced by your flock are another perk of the classic chicken farm.

There is no better way to raise hens than in an antibiotic- and hormone-free organic environment. Around 300 eggs can be produced by a single bird. Below, we list some more benefits.

Chickens raised in the backyard are healthier than store-bought options because of their increased nutritional content and lack of hormone injections and antibiotic diets. Contrarily, antibiotics and hormones are used in factory farming to increase the size of chicks as quickly as possible.

Eggs produced in a confined environment like a chicken coop have a higher nutrient density because they include more beta carotene, vitamin A, and vitamin E.

They will also cost more than eggs from normal farms.

Sweetness levels in eggs laid by backyard hens are substantially higher compared to those laid by factory chickens. Some people actively seek out these eggs. These are ready-to-sell eggs, with more solid whites and vibrant orange yolks.

Composting chicken manure is a great idea because of the high nitrogen content of chicken droppings. The shells can be reused as garden fertilizer after recycling.

Having a chicken coop nearby makes it easier to maintain your garden by eliminating pests that would otherwise eat away at your fruits and vegetables, such as earwigs, grubs, and so on.

The importance of chicken coop is as follows

It might come as a surprise to find that many people believe confined chicken production is inhumane. In addition to protecting them from harm, this strategy increases productivity and profits.

The importance of a chicken coop can be summed up in a few words:

Your coop must be sturdy and secure from animals like foxes, cats, snakes, hawks, and mice. Having a gated space to house your chicken in can also protect it from any predators.

Chickens can adapt to a broad variety of climates and weather conditions, but they still need enough protection from the elements. Your pet can feel comfortable in a chicken coop because of the shelters it gives.

If you want to have a big egg production, you’ll need a good coop for the chickens to lay their eggs in. Providing adequate comfort for your chicken will increase the number and quality of eggs she lays.

Chickens need a safe place to roost at night, and a coop is the ideal solution. Chickens need a secure roosting area and a social hierarchy to prevent aggressive behavior.

Chickens, with the right kind of training, can be tamed into obedient pets. In order to feed your chickens, you must teach them that the coop is the place to go when they are hungry. In this way, you will be able to keep better track of your hens.

Features of great chicken coop

The number of chickens you intend to keep will determine the size of the coop you will require. The more space a flock of chickens has, the better.

Even though there is no defense around an elevated coop, it will be more difficult for small predators to get in. All crevices and openings must be sealed, and the windows must be kept shut, to protect the hens from potential danger.

Stale air from rotting bedding, feathers, and poop can irritate your flock’s respiratory system if it isn’t adequately ventilated. Therefore, proper ventilation is essential for a healthy coop environment.

The cleanliness of coops is critical to their continued viability. Routine parasite treatment is an option. Choose a dropping board that can be taken apart and cleaned easily.

Having secure fencing surrounding the chicken coop is crucial for the birds’ well-being. Therefore, a good fence is necessary.

The Best Stuff to Put in Your Chicken Run Area | Carolina Coops

Chicken care

Chickens’ unique respiratory system contributes to their innate cleanliness. They do not have a diaphragm since they breathe through their chest wall.

For oxygen to be effectively transported throughout the body, the lungs’ air sacs are essential. Connections between bones and air sacs also play a role in breathing.

Chickens may have trouble breathing if they are exposed to the foul smells that come from the poop and other garbage. Therefore, it requires careful consideration. Citrus fruits are healthy for the chickens to eat and can be used to clean and scent the coop.

After you’re done clearing the old shavings, spray them down with some citrus-based cleaner. After that, try to dry off the area with a blower or something similar.

Water fountains and feeding bowls should be sanitized regularly to prevent the spread of disease.

Ointments designed for wound care should be used on injured chickens to speed up the recovery process. Prepare a paste of coconut oil, lavender, and turmeric to use on the chickens’ cuts and scrapes. The recommended creams and balms feel silky and luxurious. Additionally, it can serve as a burn victim’s first aid kit. This therapy is helpful when snakes, foxes, and other such predators pose a threat to your chickens.

When properly diluted, oregano oil is a great feed ingredient for hens. Many prominent farms have switched to oregano-based diets to reduce their reliance on antibiotic feeds.

General tips

For topical use, essential oils are safest when diluted before being applied to chickens.

Oregano and peppermint oil are inherently fiery, so exercise caution if you decide to try them.

Types of herbs keep the chicken healthy

Herbal remedies help keep the chicken healthy and disease-free. As soon as your chickens are free to roam the yard, they can enjoy the benefits of the herbs you’ve placed there.

The chicken-friendly herbs are as follows:

  • Basil
  • Oregano
  • Thyme
  • Mint
  • Sage

Bring in coops designed to accommodate chickens’ way of life, and play around with different need to see what the chickens like best.

What’s the best surface for a chicken run?

It’s possible that a combination of the two surfaces may work best for your needs. Many folks begin with a tough, easily-drained, and clean surface on top of a more chicken-friendly surface (such sand or deep litter) (like concrete or gravel).

The best option is the one that keeps your chickens safe, clean, and dry at all times without breaking the bank.

Hens shouldn’t be kept in coops with mud floors (more on this later), but determining the optimum floor for chickens can be tricky. Some flooring materials may fare better in your climate, while others may be more expensive but require less maintenance.

The health of your chickens should be your top priority when picking on a surface for the chicken run.

What to put on the ground in your chicken run

The best ground cover for your chicken run will depend on your resources, geographic location, local climate, and the amount of chickens you keep. The following table compares and contrasts the most popular types of ground cover to help you decide which is best for your home.


Insurmountable concrete barrier

Prey defense refers to actions taken to keep animals safe from other dangerous animals.

Suitable for the dishwasher


Conserving frugality

In the blazing heat of summer (usually)

Can be harmful to birds due to the monotony (like bumblefoot)

Constantly High Cost.

When using the Deep Litter Method, annual changes are all that is required.

It’s possible that you can acquire it for nothing.


Eggs are a fantastic protein source, and they’re even better when they’re

Nutritionally sound for laying hens.

Cages that can be moved about easily, like tractors or arks, are ideal.

It looks like we’ll need to reseed the lawn.

Sand Simple


Before putting out the manure for pickup, make sure it is clean and dry.

Manure’s dark color really pops against the beach’s bright whiteness.

Saves time and effort when composting

This is not a good option for use in high humidity.

It’s important to have good drainage.

Hardwood flooring


The construction procedure is easy to understand.

Possible need for treatment or covering up (like paint)

There should be no way for predators to get inside, thus it needs to be sturdy.

Our bodies are vulnerable to the impacts of aging because of

Now that we’ve discussed the various run flooring options, we can evaluate their relative merits and shortcomings. Can anything further be said? Let me show you the equipment we use.

Concrete floors

Assuming your hen house is in a secure location, concrete could be a good option for flooring (pun very much intended). You can easily clean it with a water or power washer, and it will keep predators out.

However, its cooling properties may make it inappropriate for permanently cold climates. The hard floor might cause injuries and boredom to your chickens, therefore it’s important to provide them with soft bedding.

The installation of a concrete floor is likely to be the most costly option, but it is also the most manageable after it is complete.

That is, unless you already have a concrete slab. In other words, it’s a great option to go with. If you don’t want to use your old shed again, you should inspect the floor. If you can, try to make do with a concrete pad that already exists.

The Best Stuff to Put in Your Chicken Run Area | Carolina Coops

The Deep Litter Method

The Deep Litter Method is commonly used by chicken keepers (DLM). Putting down a soft surface on the floor, such pine shavings or straw, is one option. In either the coop or the run, it will be useful.

If the litter becomes too dirty, you can always add more and stir it up. The floor may be totally replaced once a year, making it simple to maintain cleanliness and hygiene.

Some property owners also get free access to pine chips from nearby forestry businesses.

If you are unable to obtain wood shavings or chips for free from a local forestry company, you may be able to do so by paying a small price to a feed store in the equine feed section. You can buy them in bulk for a lot less than you would at a pet store or the small animal section of a grocery store.

Grass and Vegetation

Keeping your chickens more naturally is, of course, an option. In the event that you’ve got a “ark” (a type of mobile coop), this is a terrific option. Keeping hens happy by letting them hunt for insects and worms is a low-cost, low-maintenance option. The eggs they produce as a result of this are excellent!

You can, of course, choose to raise your hens in a more natural way. If you have a movable coop or “ark,” this is an excellent choice. Allowing chickens access to outside areas where they may forage for food is a low-cost, low-maintenance way to keep them happy. The resulting eggs are of the highest quality.

A wire floor can prevent predators from tunneling into the coop, which is not possible with grass. These can be used to maintain the coop hygienic while allowing waste to fall freely outside.

However, most medium-sized predators can be kept at bay with the right kind of wire. To exclude medium- or large-sized predators like cats, use heavy-duty, galvanized wire in place of standard hardware cloth.


It’s pretty uncommon to find sand used as a chicken coop flooring material. Using sand is a great option if you’re trying to save money.

On smooth, nonreflective surfaces like concrete, the contrast between the dark excrement and the lighter background makes it easy to scoop up with a spoon. If you want to utilize manure as compost in your garden, it is simple to collect.

However, the disadvantage of sand is that it must be regularly cleaned in order to maintain a sanitary environment for the chickens.

It’s possible that sand isn’t the ideal option if you live in an especially humid region. It’s important to make sure the sand has adequate drainage no matter how dry the climate is.

In warmer climates, such as the one in which I was raised (Arizona), sand is the preferred building material. For this reason, chicken is not a good option. Therefore, a misting system or cool bedding will be necessary.

Wooden floors

When it comes to wood flooring, the options are virtually endless; just the types of wood and coatings available might fill up their own separate list.

Wooden flooring materials are readily available and may be installed with minimal professional assistance. Depending on how you’re constructed, it could be a pain to clean or wear out over time. The wood floor, however, should hold up well over time if you go for a deep litter method.

The relative humidity of the environment is a key factor in determining the floor’s durability.

Painting or laying vinyl over the wood to seal any cracks makes it more amenable to cleaning with water or a pressure washer. You need more than just a wooden floor or a concrete slab for your coop. Bedding is necessary to ensure the comfort of your hens.

Is mud bad for chickens?

A muddy floor is bad for chickens, to put it briefly.

The coop’s muddy floor could be a major problem. If your poor chickens have to trek through muck to get to the nesting boxes, imagine how difficult it is for you. Lack of appropriate footwear has been linked to bumblefoot and parasites.

Furthermore, compared to other forms of flooring, mud floors provide less protection from rodents and other predators. Due to these factors, it is recommended that the ground of chicken runs be covered.

If you want to know more about muddy chicken runs, keep on reading. If your coop or run has become muddy, here is a whole method to fixing it.

Should chicken runs be covered?

Covering your chicken coop with a roof is a smart move. In addition to keeping away a wide range of predators, this structure can also prevent drainage issues from occurring due to the accumulation of rain and snow.

Having a roof over their heads is important because by the time the chicks reach adult size, they are capable of flying up to six feet in the air.

Final thoughts on run floors (and what we do!)

Since we have a half an acre to play with, our hens are treated like kings. Our chickens have plenty of room to roam in a large fenced-in field and in a covered run attached to the coop. There is a door in the roofed part of the coop that is just the right size for the chickens to use to exit the run.

On the other hand, if it’s raining, they’ll stay in the coop and not venture out. These photos show the old coop; the new one is about three times as large. But they do reveal the wide variety of surfaces we use in our outside pens.

Straw, sand (under the straw), and our covered run all work together to ensure that the outdoor flooring for the chickens is always dry. As a deep litter, we utilize pine shavings in the coop.