Updated at: 23-06-2022 - By: Sienna Lewis

A broad variety of flooring alternatives are available for your chicken coop. It’s easy to transfer a portable chicken coop to your garden area if you set it up on the lawn. After a rainstorm, if the chicken grass is stationary, it is likely to create a mess and the hens will get muddy. Preparation is key when it comes to choosing a cover for these chicks. A second consideration is the breed of chicken and the quantity of chickens in the coop.

The option for keeping hygienic

Wood chippings: The whiter part of the wood should be used to generate wood chips rather than the bark. It is likely that the wood chips composed of barks will degrade the cleanliness of the area because of their muddy appearance. One of the finest ways to keep the chicken run clean is to cover the floor with white wood chippings. It’s light, clean, and devoid of dust and dirt, and most importantly, the chickens love to roost in it.

The Best Stuff to Put in Your Chicken Run Area | Carolina Coops

Play chips are made from wood chippings. The hens’ feet don’t get muddy since the play chips don’t easily get crushed into the mud. Even the wood chippings may be cleaned very easily.

Wood chips need to be reapplied to the floor once or twice a year because they are natural products that degrade with time.

Coarse sand can be used for the chicken run’s floor. A “cat litter scoop” is all that is needed to remove the chicken droppings from these dunes. When the sand gets swept away by rain, you’ll have to do all the work of preparing it yourself.

Pea Gravel: This term refers to little, rounded stones. Spraying water on chicken droppings is all that is needed to clean them. Because the weed membrane can greatly influence drainage, it is preferable to arrange the pea gravel directly on top of the sand. Breeders claim that their hens dislike walking on pea gravel because they find it unsettling to their feathered companions’ feet.

The best bedding material for chickens is either straw or wood shavings, but some chicken keepers prefer to use them as a base for the chicken run’s flooring. Ultimately, it causes the floor to get wet and messy. As a result, it becomes difficult to clean properly and unhygienic.

Grass and other grass-type vegetation can be used as the flooring for a chicken coop if it is mobile. Chicken ARKS is the name given to this type of flooring. They can forage for insects and worms on the grass, and they can eat on their own. Eggs laid by chickens fed on worms and insects are nutritionally dense.

These eggs are packed with omega-three fatty acids, vitamin E, and other essential nutrients. Grass floors have certain drawbacks as well, however. Scratching by the chickens frequently causes the ground to become muddy and filthy. To restore the scratched area, you’ll need to move the floor and rapidly plant quick-yielding crops like buckwheat and flax. The floor can be shifted back to its original location after the grass has begun to grow.

Floors made of concrete are durable and easy to maintain.

Regardless of the material you choose, you must ensure that the floor is correctly leveled to prevent the chicken from being bothered by undulations in the surface. Even if it never gets muddy. But in the winter, it might be dangerously cold for your chickens. The hens’ comfort can be ensured by placing a mat or straw on top of the flooring throughout this time period.

Benefits of own chicken coop

As a result of the new coronavirus’s worldwide outbreak, now is an excellent opportunity to make strategic investments in your company’s future. When considering whether or not to create a chicken coop, keep in mind the rising demand for poultry products. Supply chains have been severely disrupted as a result of the pandemic’s global lockdown. You can meet the local need and earn a substantial sum of money by building your own chicken coop. You can also get fresh eggs from your flock, which adds to the allure of a traditional chicken farm.

There will be no better way to grow chickens than organically, without the use of hormones or antibiotics. Each bird can lay about 300 eggs. Other advantages include the following.

Backyard chickens have a higher nutritional value and are free of hormone injections and antibiotic diets, making them a healthier alternative to store-bought options. Factory-produced chickens, on the other hand, have been treated with antibiotics and hormones in order to speed up their growth.

The nutritional value of eggs is higher if they are grown in a chicken coop, because they contain more vitamin A and E, and a higher amount of beta carotene.

They will also be more expensive than conventionally raised eggs.

In comparison to factory-produced eggs, backyard chicken eggs are significantly sweeter. These eggs are sought after by a specific set of people. These eggs have firmer whites and brilliant orange yolks, and they’re ready to be sold.

Composting chicken wastes: The high nitrogen concentration of these chicken excreta makes them ideal for composting. It’s possible to recycle the shells and use them as fertilizer in your garden.

It’s easier to keep your garden in good shape when you add a chicken coop: These birds scratch the ground to discover tasty meal like earwigs, grubs, etc., which would otherwise harm your garden’s fruits and vegetables.

The importance of chicken coop is as follows

You may be surprised to learn that many people consider keeping chickens in a cage to be inhumane. The fact is that by doing so, you ensure their safety by shielding them from any predators, while also boosting their output and profitability.

A chicken coop’s significance can be summarized as follows:

Your coop must be durable and resistant to predators, including as foxes, cats, snakes, hawks, and rodents. Keeping your chicken in a fenced-in area also helps to keep it safe from predators.

In spite of the fact that chickens can survive in a wide range of climates and weather conditions, they still require enough shelter in the event of harsh weather. A chicken coop provides a safe haven for your pet by offering shelters.

A good coop for the chickens to lay their eggs is a need if you plan on being a significant egg producer. Make sure your chicken is well-comforted so that she can produce good-quality eggs in her laying boxes.

Chickens require a place to roost throughout the night, and a coop is the best way to provide that. In order to control territorial behavior, it is important to provide chickens with a safe place to roost and a social structure to maintain.

Chickens can be taught to be well-behaved if they are given the proper training. In order to feed your chickens, you must teach them that the coop is the place to go when they are hungry. In this way, you will be able to keep better track of your hens.

In order to keep the chickens away from places where they aren’t entertained, they need to be confined.

Features of great chicken coop

Chicken coops come in a variety of shapes, sizes, and styles. You have the option of constructing your own or purchasing a pre-made structure. The following considerations should be kept in mind when deciding on a design:

Your willingness to raise more hens will have a direct impact on the size of the coop you need. For chickens, the larger the enclosure, the better.

Small predators will have a harder time getting into an elevated coop because of the lack of defense. In order to keep the hens safe from predators, it is important to cover all holes and cracks, and to keep the windows closed.

Fumes from decomposing bedding, feathers, and feces can cause respiratory problems in your flock if they are not properly vented. As a result, a coop must be chosen that has appropriate ventilation to ensure optimal air circulation.

Coops must be cleaned on a regular basis in order to maintain their sanitary conditions. The parasites can be removed on a regular basis. Ensure that the dropping board you choose is one that you can quickly remove and clean.

To keep the chickens healthy, it’s important to have proper fencing around the outside of their coop. As a result, adequate fence would be beneficial.

The Best Stuff to Put in Your Chicken Run Area | Carolina Coops

Chicken care

Cleanliness: Chickens have an entirely different breathing mechanism than mammals. A diaphragm is unnecessary for them; they use their breast bone and rib cage for air flow.

Air sacs in the lungs are critical to the efficient delivery of oxygen throughout the body. Another way bones aid in breathing is through connections with air sacs.

The poisonous odors from the chicken droppings and other waste might cause respiratory problems in the flocks. As a result, attention must be paid to it. Clean and deodorize the chicken coop with citrus fruits, which are safe for the birds to eat.

Spray the old shavings down with citrus cleaning material when you’re done cleaning them. After that, use a blower or something similar to attempt and dry out the wet area.

In order to avoid illness, make sure that the water fountains and the feeding bowl are thoroughly sterilized.

Wound care ointments should be applied to poultry wounds to ensure appropriate healing. To treat the chickens’ open wounds, make a paste of coconut oil, lavender, and turmeric. The ointments suggested are smooth and pleasant to the touch. It can also be used as a first aid pack for burn victims. When predators like snakes, foxes, and the like threaten your chicken, this type of treatment comes in handy.

An oregano oil supplement is excellent for chickens when used in dilution. Antibiotic feeds have been replaced by oregano diets at many well-known farms.

General tips

You must dilute essential oils for chicken care before using them topically.

Be careful while using oregano or peppermint oil because they are naturally hot.

Types of herbs keep the chicken healthy

The chicken is protected from disease by a variety of herbs. When your chickens come out of their coop, they’ll be able to benefit from the herbs you’ve planted in your open yard.

Here are the herbs that keep the chicken in good health:

  • Basil
  • Oregano
  • Thyme
  • Mint
  • Sage

Keep chickens happy and healthy by bringing in coops that are meant to support their lifestyles, as well as experimenting with various essentials to ensure that chickens have a good time.

What’s the best surface for a chicken run?

A combination of both of these surfaces may be the best option for you. On top of a more chicken-friendly surface (like sand or deep litter), many people start with a hard, easily-drained and clean surface (like concrete or gravel).

In the end, the most cost-effective solution will be the one that keeps your chickens secure, clean, and dry at all times.

It’s obvious that mud floors are harmful for chickens (more on this later), but figuring out the best floor for them is more difficult. Depending on where you live, certain types of flooring may be more suited to the climate, while others may be more expensive but require less upkeep.

When deciding on the surface of your chicken run, it’s important to keep your chickens’ well-being in mind.

What to put on the ground in your chicken run

What you have, where you live, the weather patterns in your area, and the number of hens you have all go into the optimum ground cover for your chicken run. It’s possible to see the pros and cons of the most common ground cover kinds by looking at this table.


An impenetrable concrete wall

The protection of prey from predators

Dishwasher safe


Maintaining a low cost

When it’s scorching outside (usually)
If you live in a cold climate, it may be too cold.

Can be dangerous for the birds because it’s so monotonous (like bumblefoot)

Permanently Expensive.

Changing the Deep Litter Method only needs to be done once a year

You may possibly get it for free!
– Keeping a clean environment necessitates frequent mixing and layering.

Insects and worms can be eaten by chickens.

Eggs are a great source of protein, and they’re even better when they’

Good for chickens’ nutrition
They scratch the grass and squander it like no other animal could possibly.

Cages on wheels (tractors/arks) are preferable.

Seeding of the lawn will be required.



Clean and dry the manure before putting it out for pickup.

Dark manure stands out against the whitish sand.

Makes composting easy
Regular feces scooping is a must (as often as daily)

In humid areas, this product is a poor choice.

Proper drainage is required.

Floors made out of wood
Materials are readily available.


The building process is straightforward.
Hard to get rid of

Treatment or a cover may be required (like paint)

Predators need to be kept at bay, so it must be well constructed.

As we get older, our bodies may succumb to the effects of

Now that we’ve covered the many types of run flooring, let’s take a look at the pros and cons of each one. Is there anything further to say? I’ll show you the same tools that we utilize.

Concrete floors

As long as you have a stable place to house your chickens, you may want to consider using concrete (pun very much intended). Predators will be kept at bay, and it’s easy to clean with a hose or power washer, for example.

However, because of its cooling characteristics, it may be unsuitable for locations that are frequently chilly. In order to keep your chickens safe and interested in foraging, you’ll also want to give them with soft bedding to minimize damage and boredom from the hard surface.

The most expensive choice is probably the installation of a concrete floor, but it is also the easiest to manage once it is finished.

Unless, of course, you already have a concrete pad. It’s a fantastic choice. Make sure to check the bottom of your old shed if you don’t plan on using it. Consider using an existing concrete pad if possible.

The Best Stuff to Put in Your Chicken Run Area | Carolina Coops

The Deep Litter Method

Chicken owners frequently use the Deep Litter Method (DLM). It entails covering the floor with a softer material, such as pine shavings or straw. Either the coop or the run can make use of it.

You may just add another layer of litter and stir to mix it up if the litter becomes too filthy. The floor will only need to be completely replaced roughly once a year, making it easy to keep clean and sanitary.

As a bonus, pine chips can be collected from local forestry enterprises for free by some owners.

Wood shavings and chips can be purchased in the equine feed section of your local feed store for a little cost if you cannot obtain them for free from your local forestry company. They’re available in large quantities — and for far less money – than you’d pay at a pet store or the supermarket’s small animal department.

Grass and Vegetation

Keeping your chickens more naturally is, of course, an option. In the event that you’ve got a “ark” (a type of mobile coop), this is a terrific option. Keeping hens happy by letting them hunt for insects and worms is a low-cost, low-maintenance option. The eggs they produce as a result of this are excellent!

It’s a good idea to shift your chicken coop every so often, because the scratching of the ground by the birds will quickly transform it into mud. Tractor movement should be done on a regular basis. In order to reduce the amount of reseeding that is required, you should follow these instructions. The grass will be eaten back by your chickens, but it shouldn’t be completely destroyed in a single day’s time.

The tractor doesn’t have to be moved every day, so don’t worry about it. All you’ll get is some slush. Once the grass has grown again, you’ll have to reseed the mud in order to transfer your coop back to the original location.

Predators digging into the coop can be deterred by using a wire floor, which is not possible with grass flooring. It’s possible to keep the coop’s airflow intact while still allowing excrement to fall out of the coop with the use of these.

If you use the appropriate kind of wire, though, you can keep most medium-sized predators at bay. Instead of using regular hardware cloth, use heavy-duty, galvanized wire to keep out medium- or larger-sized predators, such as cats.


Sand is another popular choice for a chicken coop’s floor. If you’re on a budget, sand is an excellent choice.

Dull surfaces, such as concrete, make dark chicken dung stand out against a lighter background, making it easy to remove with a spoon. It’s easy to collect this if you’d like to use your manure as compost for your garden.

Sand, on the other hand, has the drawback of necessitating regular cleaning to keep the coop clean.

If you reside in a particularly moist area, sand may not be the best choice. Regardless of how dry the climate is, it’s always necessary to make sure the sand has enough drainage.

Sand is the material of choice in hotter regions, such as Arizona, where I grew up. Because of this, chicken isn’t a good choice. As a result, cooling bedding or a misting system will be required.

Wooden floors

There are so many different types of wood and finishes to pick from when it comes to wood floors that it could be a separate list in and of itself.

You can easily get your hands on the materials for a wooden floor, and it’s a straightforward DIY remedy. It may be difficult to clean, or it may degrade over time, depending on your specific build. However, if you’re going with a deep litter approach, the wood floor should keep up well in the long term.

The lifespan of the floor will be determined by the relative humidity in the surrounding area.

Cracks can be smoothed out with paint or vinyl over the top of the wood, making it easier to clean with a water or high-pressure washer. A wooden floor alone isn’t sufficient for your coop, just like concrete. To keep your chickens warm and cozy, you’ll need to supply bedding.

Is mud bad for chickens?

The short answer to the question of whether a muddy floor is harmful to hens is YES.

A muddy floor in a chicken coop might be a serious issue. Even your poor chickens may have difficulty walking when they have to pick up muddy eggs. Bumblefoot and parasites can also be a result of a lack of proper footwear.

In addition, mud floors offer less protection against rodents and other predators than do other types of flooring. As a result of these considerations, chicken owners are often advised to cover the ground of their chicken runs.

If you’re interested in learning more about muddy chicken runs, continue reading. Here is a comprehensive guide to repairing muddy coops and runs.

Should chicken runs be covered?

It’s a good idea to put a roof over your chicken coop. In addition to providing protection from a variety of predators, it also keeps out rain and snow, reducing the likelihood of drainage concerns.

When chicks reach their adult size, they can fly up to six feet in the air, so having a roof over their heads will keep them safe, dry, and secure.

Final thoughts on run floors (and what we do!)

So, our hens are pampered as if they’re royalty because we have half an acre to play with! Our chickens have access to a large coop, a covered run, and a field where they may forage freely. The chickens can exit the run through a chicken-sized door in the covered area.

Alternatively, if it’s raining, they stay in their coop and run. The previous coop is shown in these photographs; the new one is nearly three times larger. However, they show you the many types of flooring we utilize in our outdoor runs.

A large amount of straw, sand (under the straw), and our covered run keep the chickens’ outdoor flooring dry. We use pine shavings in the coop as a deep litter.